Adaucus M (RM)
(also known as Adauctus)
Died 304. Saint Adaucus was an Italian finance minister at the imperial court of Diocletian in Phrygia. The emperor had him killed when he discovered that Adaucus was a Christian. Many Phrygian Christians were martyred with him as their town, Antandro, was burned over their heads (Attwater2, Benedictines).
Amulwinus of Lobbes, OSB, Abbot-Bishop (AC)
(also known as Amolvinus)
Died c. 750. In 737, Amulwinus succeeded Saint Erminus as abbot-bishop (chorepiscopus) of Lobbes (Benedictines).
Anatolius of Cahors B (AC)
Date unknown. His relics were venerated at the abbey of Saint- Mihiel in Verdun. He was supposedly the bishop of Cahors but nothing is really known about his life (Benedictines).
Blessed Antony of Stroncone, OFM (AC)
Died 1461; cultus confirmed 1687. Antony dei Vici became a Franciscan lay-brother at age 12. Regardless of his humble status, he was chosen to assist Blessed Thomas of Florence in an important mission on behalf of the Holy See. Afterwards he retired to the friary of the Carceri, near Assisi, where he lived for forty years, combating the heresy of the Fraticelli and practicing rigorous penance (Benedictines).
Augulus BM (RM)
(also known as Augurius, Aule)
Died c. 303. Saint Jerome's martyrology lists Augulus as a bishop. Others describe him as a martyr put to death in London under Diocletian. French writers normally identify him with Saint Aule of Normandy (Benedictines).
Chrysolius the Armenian BM (AC)
4th century. Saint Chrysolius fled Armenia during the persecution of Diocletian. He evangelized northeastern Gaul and was probably consecrated bishop. He won the martyr's crown in Flanders; his relics are venerated at Bruges (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
Fidelis of Mérida B (AC)
Died c. 570. Born somewhere in the East, Saint Fidelis travelled to Spain with some merchants and settled in Mérida, where he was trained by Saint Paul, bishop of the city, whom he succeeded in that office (Benedictines).
Blessed Giles Mary of Saint Joseph, OFM (AC)
Born in Taranto, southern Italy; died 1812; beatified 1888. A rope-maker by trade, he joined the Alcantarine Franciscans at Naples when he was 25. Thereafter served as porter for the friary (Attwater2, Benedictines).
Blessed James Salès &
William Saulte-mouche, SJ MM (AC)
Died 1593; beatified in 1926. James Salès was born in 1556, the son of a manservant, and joined the Jesuits. In 1592, in the company of William Saulte-mouche, a temporal coadjutor, he was sent to preach the Advent course at Aubenas in the Cévennes. His sermons, in which he attacked the teaching of the Protestants, were a great success, and the town being then without a parish priest, Blessed James was begged to remain until Easter. Early in February 1593, a band of Huguenot raiders dragged the Jesuits before an improvised court of Calvinist ministers. After a heated theological discussion, Salès was dragged from the hall and shot, while Saulte-mouche, who refused to make his escape, was stabbed to death (Benedictines).
Juliana of Bologna, Widow (RM)
Died 435. The piety and charity of Saint Juliana were extolled by Saint Ambrose of Milan. Juliana and her husband agreed to separate so that he could become a priest. She devoted herself to bringing up their four children and to the service of the Church and the poor (Benedictines).
Laurence of Siponto B (AC)
Died c. 546. Laurence Majoranus was bishop of Siponto from 492 until his death more than 50 years later. He is said to have built the sanctuary of Saint Michael on Mount Gargano (Benedictines).
Luke the Younger (AC)
(also known as Luke Thaumaturgus or the Wonder-worker)
Died c. 946. Saint Luke is known to the Greek Church as Luke the Wonderworker. His parents were farmers or peasant proprietors on the island of Aegina, but were forced off their land by attacking Saracens. They settled in Thessaly, Greece. Luke was the third of the seven children of Stephen and Euphrosyne. Although Luke was a pious and obedient boy generally, he often made them angry because of his charity to those poorer than himself. In childhood he often gave his meal away to the hungry, or would strip off his clothes for a beggar. When sowing seed, for instance, Luke the Wonderworker spread at least half of it over the fields of the poor instead of over his parents' fields. Later it was said that one of wonders God worked on Luke's behalf was to make his parents' crops yield more than anyone else's, even though he had given away half the seeds. But at the time his mother and father were extremely angry.
After Stephen's death, Luke left the fields and gave himself for a time to contemplation. When he told his family that he wanted to enter a monastery, they tried to stop him. But Luke ran away. Unfortunately, some soldiers caught him and for a time put him in prison, thinking he was a runaway slave. When he said that he was a servant of Christ and had undertaken the journey out of devotion, they refused to believe him. He was shut up in prison and cruelly treated until his identity was discovered. He was allowed to return home where he was scolded for running away.
In the end, however, Luke got his way. Euphrosyne provided hospitality to two monks on their way between Rome and the Holy Land. They managed to persuade his mother to let him accompany them as far as Athens. There Luke was admitted as a novice in a monastery, but he didn't stay long. One day the superior sent for him and told the young saint that Luke's mother had appeared to him in a vision and that, as she needed him, he must return home to help her. Luke went home once again and was received with joy and surprise. After four months Euphrosyne herself became convinced of her son's calling and no longer opposed his entering religious life. So, age the age of 18, he built himself a hermitage on Mount Joannitsa near Corinth and lived there happily for the rest of his life. Luke is one of the earliest saints to be seen levitating in prayer. He worked so many miracles there that the site was turned into an oratory after his death and became known as Soterion or Sterion (place of healing) and he himself as the Thaumaturgus (the wonder-worker) (Benedictines, Bentley, Walsh).
Meldon of Péronne B (AC)
(also known as Medon)
6th century. An Irishman who died at Péronne, France, where he was a hermit and where he is the titular saint of several churches (Benedictines).
Moses B (RM)
Died c. 372. Saint Moses was an Arab who retired in the desert around Mount Sinai. He served as bishop of the roving nomadic flock until a peace treaty between the Saracens and Romans made him bishop of Egypt (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
Blessed Nivard of Vaucelles, OSB Cist. (PC)
Born c. 1000; died after 1150. Nivard is the product of the very holy family of Saint Bernard. He was the founder's youngest brother, who followed Bernard to Clairvaux and eventually was appointed novice-master at Vaucelles. Information on his later career is rather confused (Benedictines).
Richard the King (RM)
Died 722. Perhaps Saint Richard was not really a king--early Italian legend made him a prince of Wessex--but his sanctity was verified by the fact that he fathered three other saints: Willibald, Winebald (Wunibald), and Walpurga (Walburga). Butler tells us that "Saint Richard, when living, obtained by his prayers the recovery of his younger son Willibald, whom he laid at the foot of a great crucifix erected in a public place in England, when the child's life was despaired of in a grievous sickness. . . . [he was] perhaps deprived of his inheritance by some revolution in the state; or he renounced it to be more at liberty to dedicate himself to the pursuit of Christian perfection. . . . Taking with him his two sons, he undertook a pilgrimage of penance and devotion, and sailing from Hamble-haven, landed in Neustria on the western coasts of France. He made a considerable stay at Rouen, and made his devotions in the most holy places that lay in his way through France."
He fell ill, died suddenly at Lucca, Italy, and was buried in the church of San Frediano. A later legend makes him the duke of Swabia, Germany. Miracles were reported at his tomb, and he became greatly venerated by the citizens of Lucca and those of Eichstatt to where some of his relics were translated. The natives of Lucca amplified accounts of his life by calling him king of the English. Neither of his legends is especially trustworthy--even his real name is unknown and dates only from the 11th century. A famous account of the pilgrimage on which he died was written by his son's cousin, the nun Hugeburc, entitled Hodoeporicon (Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth, White)
In art, King Saint Richard is portrayed as a royal pilgrim (ermine- lined cloak) with two sons--one a bishop and one an abbot. His crown may be on a book (Roeder). He is venerated at Heidenheim and Lucca (Roeder).
Blessed Rizzerio, OFM (AC)
(also known as Richerius)
Born in Muccia, Marches, Italy; died March 26, 1236; cultus confirmed 1836. Born into a wealthy family, Rizzerio studied at the University of Bologna. In 1222, he and his fellow-student Blessed Peregrine were so impressed by one of Saint Francis of Assisi's sermons preached there that they immediately joined the Franciscans. Rizzerio was ordained, became a close associate of Francis, and served as provincial of the Marches. He practiced great austerities and mortifications and was the recipient of a miracle from Francis that dissolved his despair of God's mercy. Rizzerio, who was present at the death of Francis, was called Rinieri in The Little Flowers of Saint Francis (Benedictines, Delaney).
Ronan of Kilmaronen B (AC)
(also known as Ruadan, Ruadhan)
Saint Ronan, a Scottish bishop of Kilmaronen, has erroneously bee identified as the Irish monk mentioned by the Venerable Bede as the defender of the Roman calculation for the date of Easter at the Synod of Whitby. St. Ronan's Well at Innerleithen, Peeblesshire, was popularized by one of Sir Walter Scott's novels. According to tradition, Ronan came into the valley and drove out the devil. This event is remembered annually at the end of "Saint Ronan's Games" in July when a schoolboy, given a pastoral staff, is chosen to represent the saint as he "cleeks the devil" (Farmer).
Theodore Stratelates M (RM)
(also known as Theodore of Heraclea)
Died 319. Theodore lived in Heraclea and was a general (stratelates) commanding one of the armies of the Emperor Licinius and governor of Pontus. A man of great political influence, Theodore also governed part of Licinius's territory.
His fellow-soldiers realized that their general had embraced the Christian faith when he refused to join them in pagan worship. For this the general was tortured by those he had once loyally served, and was then let out of prison on remand.
He showed his scorn for the idol worshippers by setting fire to a temple dedicated to the goddess Cybele at Amasea in Pontus. The authorities lost no time in throwing him back into prison and again torturing him. The general was comforted by a vision of heaven, before perishing in a furnace. He was buried at Euchaita and is revered by the Eastern Church as a great soldier-saint.
He is probably identical with Theodore Tyro of Amasea, whose later legends became so contradictory and complicated by incredible embroideries that this one was invented to account for the differences. The stratelates is one of the four soldiers honored by the Greeks as a megolomartyr (great martyr) (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopedia).
Saint Theodore is pictured as a bearded, early Christian in a long cloak, walking vigorously and carrying a crown. He may also be seen with a dragon and sword (Roeder).
Blessed Thomas Sherwood M (AC)
Born in London in 1551; died at Tyburn in 1578; beatified in 1886. Thomas was preparing to go to Douai to study for the priesthood when he was denounced as a Catholic, arrested in London, and imprisoned in the Tower. He was racked in an effort to force him to disclose the place where he had heard Mass. He was finally hanged, drawn, and quartered on the charge of denying the queen's ecclesiastical supremacy (Attwater2, Benedictines).
Tressan of Mareuil (AC)
(also known as Trésain)
Died 550. Saint Tressan is said to be one of five or six brothers, including Saint Gibrian, and three sisters, who travelled from Ireland to France to evangelize for the glory of God in the diocese of Rheims, France. The names of the others are given as Helan, Germanus, Abran (who may be Gibrian), Petran, Franca, Promptia, and Possenna (variations on these names are used). Tressan worked there as a swineherd, but he was ordained to the priesthood by Saint Remigius, who provided the siblings with suitable retreats from which they could spread the faith. Tressan became curate of Mareuil-sur-Marne, and the patron saint of Avenay in Champagne. His cultus is strong and has been continuous in the area of Rheims. More than 1,000 years after his death, Pope Clement VIII and Archbishop Philip of Rheims authorized the publishing of an Office for his feast (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Encyclopedia, Fitzpatrick, Kenney, Montague, O'Hanlon).
About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on www.saintpatrickdc.org with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.