St. Patrick Catholic Church
Saint of the Day

March 5

Eusebius of Cremona, Abbot (AC)
Born in Cremona, Italy; died c. 423. Eusebius first met Saint Jerome in Rome when Jerome was acting as secretary to Pope Saint Damasus and preaching a strict asceticism to all who would listen. Eusebius as so much attracted to the stern Biblical scholar that when Jerome decided to leave for the Holy Land, he begged to accompany him.

At Antioch they were joined by Jerome's other two great friends, the widow Saint Paula and her daughter Saint Eustochium. The four of them made a pilgrimage to all the places connected with the earthly life of Jesus, before deciding to make Bethlehem their home.

Jerome was much touched by the hundreds of pilgrims to Bethlehem, many of whom were extremely poor. Resolving to build a hostel for them, he sent Eusebius to Dalmatia and Italy to raise money for the project. Saint Paula sold her Roman estate through him for this purpose and Eusebius also sold him own property at Cremona and gave the proceeds for the building of the hostel.

Eusebius succeeded the holy Doctor of the Church as abbot of Bethlehem, and was involved, like his friend, in bitter disputes with the followers of Origen. There is an unsubstantiated tradition that Eusebius founded the abbey of Guadalupe in Spain.

In 400 AD, Eusebius returned to his native Cremona, where some sources indicate that he stayed until his death. Others suggest that he returned to Bethlehem to become spiritual director of one of the religious communities there. He may well be buried alongside Jerome in Bethlehem, where--in the crypt of the church of the Nativity--an altar is dedicated in his name (Benedictines, Bentley).

Oliva of Brescia VM (AC)
Died 138. Oliva is said to have been a martyr under the Emperor Adrian. Her body is venerated in the church of Saint Afra in Brescia (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).

About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.