St. Patrick Catholic Church
Saint of the Day
 

March 14



Blessed Ambrose Fernandez, SJ M (AC)
Born at Sisto, Portugal, 1551; died in Omura, Japan, 1620; beatified in 1867. Ambrose went to Japan to seek his fortune, but soon found that God was his portion and cup. He entered the Jesuits as a lay-brother in 1577, and died in the horrible prison of Suzota (Omura) of apoplexy at the age of 69 (Benedictines).


Blessed Arnold of Padua, OSB M (AC)
(also known as Arnald, Arnaud)

Born at Padua, Italy; died 1254. Arnold, born of the noble de'Cattanei family, was professed a monk at the Benedictine abbey of Saint Justina in Padua and eventually became its abbot. The tyrant Ezzelino da Romano, after persecuting him for a long time, imprisoned Arnold at Asolo and bound him in chains. Arnold bore it all patiently for eight years, finally dying in prison at the age of 70 (Benedictines).


Boniface Curitan of Ross B (AC)
(also known as Boniface Kyrin or Boniface Kyrstin)

Born in Rome, Italy; died at Rosmark, Scotland, c. 630. An ardent zeal for the salvation of souls took Saint Boniface from the comforts of his Italian homeland to the less hospitable land of the Scots and Picts. Near the mouth of the Tees, where he landed, he built a church under the invocation of St. Peter, another at Tellein, three miles from Alect, and a third at Restennet. This last was served by a famous monastery of Augustinian canons regular, when religious houses were abolished in Scotland. Boniface evangelized the provinces of Angus, Marris, Buchan, Elgin, Murray, and Ross, and introduced Roman discipline and liturgical observances as opposed to the Celtic usages. After being consecrated bishop of Ross, Boniface filled the county with oratories and churches, and by planted the faith in the hearts of many. He was buried at Rosmark. The Aberdeen Breviary noted that he founded 150 churches and oratories in Scotland, and ascribes many miracles to his intercession after his death (Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth).


Diaconus M (RM)
6th century. Saint Diaconus was, of course, a deacon. He served in the church of the Marsi in central Italy. Saint Gregory tells us that he and two monks were killed by the Lombards for the faith (Benedictines).


Blessed Dominic Jorjes M (AC)
Born at Aguilar de Sousa, Portugal; died at Nagasaki, Japan, on November 18, 1619; beatified in 1819. Dominic began life as a soldier and settled in Japan. There he provided refuge to Blessed Charles Spinola. For this reason he was burnt alive at Nagasaki (Benedictines).


Eutychius (Eustathius) and Companions MM (RM)
Died 741. This sizable group of martyrs was put to death by the Islamic at Carrhes, Mesopotamia, for refusing to deny Christ (Benedictines).


Forty-Seven Roman Martyrs (RM)
Died c. 67. According to an unreliable account, these 47 martyrs were baptized by Saint Peter and suffered under Nero that same day. The details entered into the Roman Martyrology are from the Acts of Saints Processus and Martinian (Benedictines).


Blessed James of Capocci, OSA B (AC)
Born at Viterbo, Italy; died at Naples, 1308; cultus approved in 1911. James was an Augustinian friar who, in 1302, was promoted to the see of Benevento and transferred the following year to Naples (Benedictines).


Leo BM (RM)
Date unknown. The entry in the Roman Martyrology reads: "At Rome, in the Agro Verano, Saint Leo, bishop and martyr." He may have been killed by the Arians, but nothing is known of him (Benedictines).


Leobinus (Lubin) B (RM)
Born near Poitiers, France; died 556; feast day formerly September 15. Saint Lubin was the son of a peasant family, who became a hermit early in life. After a time he was ordained a priest, became abbot of Brou, and finally was consecrated bishop of Chartres, where he was one of the most distinguished holders of that important see (Benedictines, Encyclopedia). In art, Saint Lubin is shown on his death-bed receiving the last rites from Saint Caletric, who succeeded him as bishop (Roeder).


Martyrs of Valeria (RM)
6th century. The entry in the Roman Martyrology reads: "In the province of Valeria, the birthday of two holy monks, whom the Lombards slew by hanging them on a tree: and there, although dead, they were heard even by their enemies singing psalms." The story is taken from the Dialogues (IV, 21) of Saint Gregory the Great (Benedictines).


Matilda of Saxony, Queen, Widow (RM)
(also known as Mathildis, Maud, Mechtildis)

Born at Engern, Westphalia, Germany, c. 895; died at Quedlinburg, March 14, 968. Saint Matilda is another who shows us the possibility of living in the world and reaching the state of Christian perfection. It's not easy, especially at first, because there are so many delightful distractions that titillate the senses and feed the ego. But when the soul becomes acquainted with God and forms a relationship, it hungers and thirsts for more of His love. Thus, fervent prayer, holy meditation, and reading pious books, are more necessary for those living in the world than for professed religious, because of the continual distractions. Amidst the pomp, hurry, and amusements of a court, Saint Matilda gave herself up to holy contemplation with such earnestness, that though she never neglected any duties, her soul was raised to heaven. Saint Matilda was daughter of Count Dietric (Theodoric) of Westphalia and Reinhild of Denmark. At a very early age her parents placed her under the care of her grandmother, Maud, abbess of Eufurt monastery, who had renounced the world upon her widowhood. Matilda relished the life of prayer and spiritual reading. Like all young ladies she learned the refined skill of needlework. She remained in the convent until her parents married her to Henry, son of Duke Otto of Saxony, in 909 (some vitae push all the dates for marriage and crowning by several years).

Her husband, named the Fowler, from his fondness for popular sport of hawking, became duke of Saxony at the death of his father, in 912. Upon the death of Conrad I in 919, was chosen king of Germany. He was a pious and victorious prince, and very tender of his subjects. His solicitude in easing their taxes, made them ready to serve their country in his wars at their own cost, though he generously recompensed their zeal after his expeditions, which were always attended with success.

While he by his arms checked the insolence of the Hungarians and Danes, and enlarged his dominions by adding to them Bavaria, Matilda gained domestic victories over her spiritual enemies, more worthy of a Christian, and far greater in the eyes of heaven. She nourished the precious seeds of devotion and humility in her heart by assiduous prayer and meditation; and, not content with the time which the day afforded for these exercises, employed part of the night the same way. The nearer the view was which she took of worldly vanities, the more clearly she discovered their emptiness and dangers and sighed to see men pursue such bubbles to the loss of their souls; for, under a fair outside, they contain nothing but poison and bitterness.

It was her delight to visit and comfort the sick and the afflicted, to serve and instruct the poor, and to show charity to prisoners, procuring their freedom if justice would permit it or easing their suffering by liberal alms. Her husband, edified by her example, concurred with her in every pious undertaking.

After twenty-seven years of marriage, Matilda and Henry were separated by his death in 936. During his last illness, Matilda went to the church to pour forth her soul in prayer for him at the foot of the altar. As soon as she understood, by the tears and cries of the people, that he had expired, she called for a priest that was fasting, to offer the holy sacrifice for his soul; and at the same time cut off the jewels which she wore, and gave them to the priest as a pledge that she renounced from that moment the pomp of the world.

She had three sons (one source says five); Otto, afterwards emperor; Henry, duke of Bavaria who is known as "the Quarrelsome"; and Saint Bruno, archbishop of Cologne. Henry was the better suited to succeed his father, but Otto, the eldest, was elected. Otto was crowned king of Germany in 937. Matilda, in the contest between her two elder sons for the elected crown, favored her middle son, Henry, a fault she expiated by severe afflictions and penance. When Otto (the Great) was elected, she persuaded him to name Henry duke of Bavaria after he had led an unsuccessful revolt.

These two sons conspired to strip her of her dowry, on the unjust charge that she had squandered away the revenues of the state on the poor. This persecution was long and cruel, especially because it came at the hands of her precious sons. She retired to her country home but was later recalled to the court at the insistence of Otto's wife, Edith. The errant princes were reconciled to her and restored her all they had taken. She then became more liberal in her alms than ever.

When Henry again revolted, Otto put down the insurrection in 941 with great cruelty. Matilda censured Henry when he began another revolt against Otto in 953 and for his ruthlessness in suppressing a revolt by his own subjects; at that time she prophesied his imminent death. Yet, the testimony of her son Henry is powerful. He told her: "Oh, my very dear one, in all things you have given us excellent advice: how many times have you changed iniquity to justice."

After Henry's death in 955, she devoted herself to building many churches and four religious houses, including Engern, Pöhlde in Brunswick (where she maintained 3,000 monks), Quedlinburg in Saxony (where she buried her husband), and Nordhausen, where she retired in her later years. When she had finished the buildings, Quedlinburg became her usual retreat. After his victories over the Bohemians and Lombards, Matilda governed the kingdom when Otto went to Rome in 962 to be crowned emperor, which is often regarded as the beginning of the Holy Roman Empire.

During the last of her 32 years of widowhood, Matilda entered one of the convents she had founded at Nordhausen. She applied herself totally to her devotions, and to works of mercy. It was her greatest pleasure to teach the poor and ignorant how to pray, as she had formerly taught her servants. In her last sickness she made her confession to her grandson William, the archbishop of Mentz, who yet died twelve days before her, on his road home. She again made a public confession before the priests and monks of the place, received a second time the last sacraments, and lying on a sackcloth with ashes on her head. Her body remains at Quedlinburg, where she is buried beside her husband. The Benedictines venerate her as one of their oblates.

To find the bliss Matilda found requires foregoing vain pleasures to open precious hours for devotional exercises. Perhaps we can all hasten our journey toward sanctity this Lent by giving up an hour of television daily to spend in prayer or Scripture study or volunteering to help the less fortunate. Time is a most precious commodity; use it wisely (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth).


Paulina of Zell, OSB Widow (AC)
Died at Münsterschwarzach, Germany, in 1107. Upon the death of her husband, the German princess Paulina and her son, Werner, founded the double abbey of Zell, known as Paulinzelle (Benedictines).


Peter and Aphrodisius MM (RM)
5th century. All we know of these two is that they were martyred under the Arian Vandals in North Africa (Benedictines).


Talmach (AC)
7th century. Saint Talmach was a disciple of Saint Finbar at Lough Erc, and founded a monastery dedicated to his former master (Benedictines).



About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on www.saintpatrickdc.org with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.