Basil the Younger, Hermit (AC)
Died 952. The entries on Saint Basil are rather cryptic. It appears that adversity took the anchorite Basil to Constantinople where imperial officers seized him as a spy and began to mistreat him. Miracles proved his sanctity, so they sought his favors. He continued to live and exercise his gift of prophecy, until finally he died at age 100 and they argued over his relics. His life was written by his disciple Gregory, who shared his solitude (Attwater2, Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
Blessed Bertillo of Dijon, OSB (AC)
(also known as Bertilo)
Died c. 878-888. Bertillo was abbot of Saint Benignus at Dijon, France. The Normans sacked his abbey and massacred him and several of his community at the foot of the altar (Benedictines).
Braulio of Saragossa B (RM)
Born c. 590; died in Saragossa, Spain, c. 646-651. Saint Braulio, son of a Hispano-Roman bishop, Gregory of Osma, became a monk of Saint Engratia's monastery in Saragossa, in 610. He was sent to Seville to study under Saint Isidore, who became his close friend. In 624, he was ordained by Isidore, but the following year he returned to Saragossa. Braulio was ordained to the priesthood by his own brother, John, whom he succeeded to the see of Saragossa in 631.
Braulio was a learned bishop and important reformer of his time, who followed only Saint Isidore as the most influential and respected bishop in Spain. Like so many monks who became bishop, Braulio continued to live an austere life of prayer, almsgiving, and frequent preaching. He participated in the councils of Toledo in 633, 636, and 638, and helped to convert the Visigoths from Arianism to orthodoxy. He also answered Pope Honorius I's charge that the Spanish bishops had been unnecessarily lenient towards the Jews who had converted to Christianity but subsequently lapsed.
Also like Isidore, he was devoted to learning; a number of his letters are still extant, which show familiarity with classical authors of Roman antiquity, as well as his desire to extend his knowledge of Christian writers. He excelled chiefly as a hagiographer of the Spanish saints. It was Saint Braulio who convinced Isidore to undertake his encyclopedic work called Etymologies, and after Isidore's death he polished the book to its final form.
In 650, he became half blind and the same year. His cultus was almost immediately approved locally. Pictures of him survive in Saragossa and Seville (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Farmer, Husenbeth, Lynch).
Castulus of Rome M (RM)
Died c. 286-288. Saint Castulus was an officer of Diocletian's palace in Roman. He housed some of his fellow Christians, was denounced, questioned, tortured, and thrown into a pit that then was filled with sand to bury him alive. A cemetery was named after his burial place on the Via Labicana (Attwater2, Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
Eutychius of Alexandria & Comps. MM (RM)
Died 356. Eutychius was a subdeacon of the church of Alexandria who, for his stand against Arianism, was condemned to slavery in the mines, but perished from exhaustion on the road there. His companions were other leading Catholics of Alexandria, four of whom were seized and scourged (but not executed) for showing sympathy for him (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
Felicitas of Padua V (AC)
9th century. Felicitas was a nun, probably Benedictine, who professed the Benedictine Rule in a convent on the Colli Euganei or else in that of SS. Cosmas and Damian at Padua. Her relics are now at Saint Justina in Padua (Benedictines).
Felix of Trier (Trèves) B (RM)
Died c. 400. In 386, Saint Martin of Tours consecrated his friend Felix as bishop of the church of Trier (Trèves), which he governed for twelve years. Owing to the fact that this took place under the usurping emperor Maximus, the legality of his election was questioned by the Holy See and Saint Ambrose. Consequently, he retired to avoid trouble. Contemporary writers, particularly Saint Sulpicius Severus, speak very highly of Felix's virtues, especially his generosity to the poor (Attwater2, Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
Garbhan, Abbot (AC)
7th century. The Irish Saint Garbhan appears to have left his name to Dungarvan. Nothing certain is known about him (Benedictines).
Ludger of Utrecht, OSB B (RM)
(also known as Liudger)
Born near Zuilen, Frisia, the Netherlands, c. 744; died at Billerbeck, Westphalia, Germany, 809.
Everything in Ludger's life seems to have worked in favor of his becoming a great man and a saint: a good family, dedicated to the Church; a fine education; a native intelligence and a disposition that won him the affection of all with whom he came in contact. At the age of 14, he met Saint Gregory of Utrecht, who gave him the monastic habit. When he was 24, he was made a deacon; at 34, he was ordained a priest.
Ludger was first taught by Saint Gregory (whose vita he wrote), then he went to England, in 767, as a pupil of Blessed Alcuin of York. He would have stayed there longer than four years had one of his fellow countrymen not killed an English merchant and thus stirred up bad blood against the Netherlands.
In 775, Ludger was sent to revive the work begun by Saint Lebuin at Deventer. It was not until 777 that he was compelled by Gregory's successor Saint Alberic to be ordained priest. Then was stationed at Dokkum, where Saint Boniface had died and from where Ludger took the Gospel to the Frieslanders. For seven years he built churches (including the one at Dokkum for which Alcuin wrote some verses for the dedication), destroyed idols, and converted many pagans. Then, in 784, the Saxon leader Widekund invaded, destroying Christian foundations and driving out all the missionaries.
Ludger took the opportunity to make a pilgrimage to Rome and also spent two years at the great Benedictine foundation at Monte Cassino, where he planned the monastery he later established at Werden. There he may have met Charlemagne, perhaps through Alcuin who had passed over to France. Returning to Westphalia in 786, the emperor charged him with the spiritual care of five provinces. Ludger based himself on a place called Mimigerneford, which was later known as Münster because of the abbey founded there, which followed the Rule of Saint Chrodegang of Metz. His gentleness did more to attract the Saxons to Christ than did all the armies of Charlemagne.
He turned down the bishopric of Trier; and later, around 804, when he became the first bishop of Münster, Ludger himself did missionary work in Heligoland and Westphalia. Although he was denounced to Charlemagne for excessive almsgiving to the detriment of the ornamentation of churches, and kept the emperor waiting for an explanation until he had finished his devotions, he did not lose favor with the king.
Although in some pain from his final illness, the saint continued to preach until the very end of his life. In fact, Ludger died while on a preaching tour and was buried at the Benedictine monastery of Werden, on the Ruhr, which he had founded. Most of his relics remain in there. His feast is recorded in liturgical books from the 9th century (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Encyclopedia, Farmer).
In art, Saint Ludger is portrayed as a bishop with a swan or goose near him (not to be confused with Saint Hugh). Sometimes he may be shown (1) with two swans at his feet; (2) saying his breviary; or (3) holding a model church (Roeder).
Macartin of Clogher B (AC)
(also known as Macartan, MacCartan, Maccarthen)
Died c. 505; feast day formerly March 24. Saint Macartin (in Irish is Aedh mac Carthin) was an early disciple and companion of Saint Patrick during the latter's missions into pagan territory. He is said to have been consecrated bishop of Clogher in Tyrone by Patrick in 454. It is said the Saint Brigid, Macartin's niece, was present at the founding of the see.
Macartin is also one of the earliest Irish saints to be known as a miracle-worker. His holiness is revealed not so much by any vita, which are non-existent, but by the high veneration in which he is held. Saint Bede records that the earth was taken from his grave as holy relics. His Office is the only one to survive from an Irish source.
A reliquary, called the Great Shrine of Saint Mac Cairthinn, which was designed to contain relics of the True Cross as well as his bones, has been altered over the centuries but still survives as the "Domnach Airgid" in the National Museum. It's inner yew box was given to Macartin by Patrick together with the latter's episcopal staff and Bible.
The Cloch-Oir (Golden Stone), from which this ancient diocese takes its name, was a sacred ceremonial stone to the druids, It was given to Macartin by an old pagan noble, who had harassed Macartin in every possible way until the saint's patient love won the local ruler to the faith. The stone is still preserved and the noble's son, Tighernach of Clones, succeed Macartin as bishop (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Farmer, Healy, Kenney, Montague, Muirhead, Needham).
Blessed Maddalena Caterina Morano (AC)
Born at Turin, Italy, 1847; died at Catania, Sicily, on March 26, 1908; beatified November 5, 1994.
At the age of eight, Maddalena had to begin working to provide for her family after the death of her father and older sister. Nevertheless, she continued her studies to earn a teaching diploma. But her studies did not end with secular subjects. Instead her exploration of Christian doctrine fanned the fire of her faith and instilled a desire for the religious life. Because family obligations barred immediate fulfillment of this desire, she taught at a school in rural Montaldo while serving as a catechist at the local parish for 12 years. In 1878, when she had accumulated enough savings to provide for her mother, Maddalena joined the Daughters of Mary Help of Christians, which had been founded six years earlier by Saint John Bosco. In 1881, Don Bosco permitted her to be sent to Trecastagni (near Catania), Sicily, to head an institute for women, to which she gave a new orientation inspired by the principles of the Salesian method.
Sicily became her second home, where she carried out a varied and fruitful apostolate. She opened new houses, set up after-school activities and sewing classes, trained teachers, etc. Her real love, though, was for catechism class, since she was convinced that the formation of Christian conscience was the basis of personal maturity and all social improvement. She coordinated catechetical instruction in 18 of Catania's churches and trained lay and religious catechists to bring the Christian message to needy boys and girls.
She spent 25 years in Sicily and served her community as local and provincial superior. She was an attentive mother and caring guide for many local vocations, faithfully living the charism of Mother Maria Mazzarello, co-foundress of the institute (EWTN).
Blessed Melior of Vallumbrosa, Hermit (AC)
(also known as Migliore, Millory)
Died 1198. After many years as a priest and monk of Vallumbrosa, Blessed Melior asked to become a recluse in the hermitage called Massa delle Celle, above Vallumbrosa. His relics are enshrined at Vallumbrosa in the "altar of the Ten Beati" (Benedictines).
Mochelloc of Kilmallock (AC)
(also known as Cellog, Mottelog, Motalogus)
Died c. 639. Mochelloc is the patron saint of Kilmallock in Limerick, Ireland. Reliable details of his life are unavailable (Benedictines).
Montanus & Maxima MM (RM)
Died 304. Montanus, a priest, and Maxima, said to have been his wife, were drowned as Christians in the Save River at Sirmium, Dalmatia, or Singidunum, Pannonia (Benedictines).
Blessed Peter Marginet, OSB Cist. (AC)
Died 1435. Blessed Peter was a Cistercian monk of Poblet near Tarragona, Spain, and the cellarer of the abbey. From a life of high fervor he lapsed into one of crime, apostatized and became the leader of bandits. After some years he repented, went back to the abbey and spent the rest of his life doing penance (Benedictines).
Peter, Marcian, Jovinus, Thecla, Cassian & Comp. MM (RM)
Date unknown. Roman martyrs, of whom nothing certain is known. Some registers have Theodula rather than Thecla (Benedictines).
Quadratus (Codratus), Theodosius, Emmanuel & Comp. MM (RM)
Died c. 304. A group of 43 martyrs under the leadership of Saint Quadratus, bishop of Anatolia, put to death under Diocletian (Benedictines).
Sincheall of Killeigh, Abbot (AC)
(also known as Sinell of Killeagh)
5th century. Sincheall, an early Roman convert of Saint Patrick, was abbot-founder of the monastery and school at Killeigh, Offaly, Ireland, where he had 150 monks under his direction. The community flourished until the 16th century. During the Reformation, Lord Leonard Gray removed the organ and stained glass windows from the church and installed them in the Protestant church at Maynooth.
Prior to that time (1443), there is an account of Saint Sincheall great feast day celebration. Margaret O'Carroll of Ely, wife of Prince Calvagh O'Connor of Offaly, invited all the Scottish and Irish bards and sages to attend. There were "2700 persons besides the gamesters and poor men." The princess placed two enormous gold chalices on the Sincheall's altar, adopted two orphans, and gave food, money, and gifts to all who entered. Those who could not attend the feast were invited for the feast of the Assumption (Benedictines, D'Arcy, McManus, Montague, Sullivan, Tommasini).
Theodore, Irenaeus, Serapion & Armonius MM (RM)
Died 310. Bishop Theodore of Pentapolis, Libya, Irenaeus, his deacon, and Serapion and Ammonius, his two lectors, suffered under Gallienus by having their tongues cut out. They are venerated as martyrs, however, they survived and died in peace (Benedictines).
About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on www.saintpatrickdc.org with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.