Saint Francis of Paola
Abundius of Como, Hermit (RM)
(also known as Abondius, Abundias)
Died c. 500. Saint Abundius, a Greek priest, was consecrated bishop of Como in northern Italy. Because he was an able theologian, Saint Leo the Great entrusted him with a mission to Emperor Theodosius the Younger, which led to the convening of the Council of Chalcedon in 451. At the council, Abundius presided as the pope's legate (Attwater2, Benedictines). Saint Abundius is depicted in art as a bishop with a stag; sometimes he is shown raising a dead child to life (Benedictines, Roeder).
Amphianus of Lycia M (RM)
(also known as Aphian, Amphian, Appian, Apian)
Died April 2, c. 305. Amphianus was a young Christian of Lycia, Asia Minor, whose parents gave him the best education possible in rhetoric, law, and philosophy in the famous schools of Berytus, Phoenicia. While he was away at school, he became a Christian. Upon completing his studies, he returned home but was disturbed by the idolatry of his parents. Thus, at the age of 18, he retired to Caesarea, Palestine. There he became a disciple of Saint Pamphilius, who was teaching Scripture.
In May 305, Galerius Maximianus, the chief proponent of the Diocletian persecutions, was declared emperor of the East, which Maximinus Daia governed under him, as Caesar. Letters came to Caesarea from Maximinus Daia ordering the governor to compel everyone to attend public, solemn sacrifices to the civic gods.
The Church historian Eusebius (De Martyr. Palaest., c. 4), with whom Amphianus lived, tells us that, without saying anything to anyone, Amphianus entered the governor's palace and stopped the latter on the point of offering sacrifices to idols. Amphianus, with youthful boldness, reproached him for his crime of idolatry. He was forthwith beaten, arrested and thrown into a dungeon, where he was kept in stocks for two days. As he was flayed, his only answer to all questions was: "I am a servant of Christ." Next the executioners were ordered to set his feet aflame. As his flesh melted like wax, he remained resolute, which struck his persecutors with astonishment.
He was thrown back into prison for three days. During his trial, he persisted: "I confess Christ the only God, and the same God with the Father." Although he was already half-dead, the judge ordered that he be thrown into the sea. Eusebius records that at his execution, the sea and the city were shaken by an earthquake accompanied by a dreadful noise. He writes that it was as if the sea were not able to endure the corpse of the martyr, and threw it up before the gates of the city: all the inhabitants went out to see this prodigy, and gave glory to the God of the Christians, confessing aloud the name of Jesus Christ (Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth).
Bronach of Glen-Seichis V (AC)
(also known as Bromana, Bronacha, Bronanna)
Date unknown. The name of this virgin is registered in the martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. Glen-Seichis is the old name of Kilbroney or Kilbronach in County Down near Rostrevor, Ireland, which takes its present name from her. Saint Bronach's Bell is the subject of a well-known Irish legend of a mysterious, invisible bell that rang in Kilbroney churchyard.
In 1885, a storm ripped down an old oak tree near Kilbroney, and in its branches was found a 6th-century bell. For many years the denizens heard a bell ringing and attributed it to a supernatural origin. It seems, however, that the bell was hidden during the Reformation to prevent its removal or destruction. Over the years the tongue had worn away, so the bell stopped ringing, yet talk of it did not. The bell and Bronach's cross can now be found at the parish church of Rostrevor (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Husenbeth, Montague, Muirhead, Neeson).
Constantine II of Scotland, King M (AC)
Died 874; feast day at Saint Andrews, Scotland, is March 11. King Constantine was killed in a battle against heathen invaders of Scotland. In his last moments he repeated words echoing Psalm 27: "Lord Jesus, abandon not to beasts the souls that serve You." He was buried on Iona, where miracles took place at his tomb. Thereafter he was locally venerated as a martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).
Blessed Dominic Tuoc M, OP Tert. (AC)
Born in Tonkin; died 1839; beatified in 1900. Saint Dominic was a priest of the third order of Dominicans, who died of his wounds in prison (Benedictines).
Blessed Drogo of Baume, OSB (AC)
10th century. After a worldly life, Saint Drogo entered the Benedictine abbey of Fleury-sur-Loire, and afterward migrated to that of Baume-les-Messieurs, where he was engaged in tending the flocks of the abbey (Benedictines). Drogo is venerated at Baume- les-Messieurs and Fleury-sur-Loire. In art, he is portrayed as a Benedictine with sheep. He is the patron of cattle, sheep, shepherds, and midwives, and invoked against deafness, dumbness, broken bones, gallstones, and rupture. This saint is often confused with Saint Drogo a.k.a. Druon (Roeder).
Ebba (Ebbe) the Younger, OSB VM (AC)
Died 879; feast day formerly August 23. Ebba was abbess of the great Benedictine foundation of Coldingham in the Marshes on the Scottish border, which had been founded two centuries earlier by Saint Ebba the Elder. During a Danish invasion Saint Ebba feared for her virginity because of the Viking reputation for rape and massacre. She gathered her nuns in the chapter house and encouraged them to follow her example: with a razor she cut off (or cut open) her nose and upper lip to discourage rape by the invaders. The entire community did likewise. They must have made a frightful spectacle. Their appearance so disgusted the raiders that the women were saved from rape but not from death: The Danes soon returned and set fire to the convent. The entire community perished in the flames.
Although there is no surviving ancient record of Saint Ebba, it may have been among the lost manuscripts at Tynemouth, and no ancient cultus, there was a shrine dedicated to her in the 13th century. In Coldingham, another manuscript refers to a curious feast of the dedication of the altar of Saint Ebba on June 22, which may refer to either the Younger or the Elder (Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).
Francis of Paola, O. Min., Hermit (RM)
Born in Paola, Calabria, Italy, in 1416; died at Plessis-les-Tours, France, on April 2, 1507; canonized in 1519.
Francis's parents were of modest means and very devout. They were childless after many years of married life and prayed earnestly for a son. When God granted their prayer, they named the child after Saint Francis of Assisi, who was their special intercessor.
At 13, he joined the Franciscans at San Marco. There he was taught to read and learned to live austerely, which he did for the rest of his life. At 14, he accompanied his parents on a pilgrimage to Assisi and Rome. When they returned, he retired for a time to a place about a half mile from the town, and later, at age 15, to a more solitary place by the sea, where he lived in a cave as a hermit.
He was eventually joined by two other men (1436). Neighbors built them three cells and a chapel, where they sang the divine praises and where Mass was said for them by a priest from a nearby church. The foundation of his order in 1452 is said to have been called the Minimi fratres ('least brothers'), who accounted themselves least in the service of God. Their rule of life was notably austere.
About 17 years later, a church and monastery were built for them by the people of the area who had grown to love them, under the sanction of the archbishop of Cosenza. Francis maintained a regular discipline in the community. His bed was on a plank or the ground, with a log or stone for a pillow. He did not allow himself a mat until he was quite old. Charity was the motto he espoused, and humility was the virtue he urged his followers to seek. He asked that they observe a perpetual Lent, abstaining from meat, eggs, and dairy products.
The order received the approval of Pope Sixtus IV in 1474. The rule Francis wrote emphasized penance, charity, and humility. In addition to the three monastic vows he added one of fasting and abstention from meat. The friars were then called the Hermits of Saint Francis of Assisi (until the name was changed to Minim Friars in 1492), and they were composed of uneducated men with one priest. Francis also penned a rule for tertiaries and nuns.
If you read the long testimonies of the healed and the witnesses in the Acta Sanctorum, you would understand how Francis came by this reputation as a miracle-worker, and for other spiritual powers, especially his gifts of reading minds and prophecy.
Francis attained such fame as a worker of miracles that, in 1481, the dying King Louis XI of France sent for Francis, wishing the hermit to heal him, and promising to assist the order. Francis declined the invitation, but Louis appealed to Pope Sixtus IV, who ordered Francis to go. The king sent the dauphin to escort him to Plessis-les-Tours. When Louis fell on his knees before Francis and begged him to heal him, Francis told him that the lives of kings are in the hands of God and that Louis should pray to God.
The king and Francis had many discussions, and although Francis was an uneducated man, Philip de Commines, who was often present, wrote that he was so wise that hearers were convinced that the Holy Spirit spoke through him. He brought about a change of heart in the king, and Louis died, comforted, in his arms.
For a time he was tutor to Charles VIII, who respected Francis as his father had, and asked his advice on spiritual and state matters. Francis is credited with helping to restore peace between France and Brittany, and between France and Spain.
Charles built a monastery for Francis and his followers in the park of Plessis and another at Amboise, on the spot where they had first met. In Rome, he built the monastery at Santa Trinità del Monte on the Pincian Hill, to which only French Minims were admitted.
From the French court the renown of the saint spread to Germany and to Spain. The Emperor Maximilian and Ferdinand the Catholic founded new monasteries for him in their domains.
But Francis was so beloved that the French kings would not allow him to leave, and thus he spent the last 25 years of his life in France. He became famous for prophecies and miracles. He spent the last three months of his life in solitude in his cell, preparing himself for death.
On Palm Sunday, he became ill, and on Maundy Thursday, he assembled his brethren and urged them to love God, to be charitable, and to strictly observe the duties of their rule. He received the sacraments barefoot with a rope around his neck, according to the custom of the order, and died the following day.
As a witness at the canonization proceedings, "the worthy Jean Bourdichon, painter and chamberlain to our lord the king," testified that he had gone to the monastery of the Minimi after the death of Brother Francis and, in order to paint a likeness after the actual visage, had made a mold and cast of the face.
The saint died on the morning of Good Friday at ten and the burial took place on the morning of Easter Monday. Regarding the funeral, Bourdichon says that a vast crowd of believers assembled and went home gladdened and greatly consoled by the sight of the deceased.
The same witness further testified that since the body was interred in a spot very frequently flooded by the nearby river, the brothers decided, on the advice of the princess, in order that it should not decay more quickly than it need, to disinter him and to rebury him in a stone sarcophagus in a higher grave. This took place 12 days after the funeral.
The witness was present when the corpse was taken out of the earth and laid in the sarcophagus. He saw the face as sound, unravaged, and without trace of dissolution as it was before interment. He knew this, because he purposely laid his face against that of the dead, in order to detect decomposition by the sense of smell.
He regarded the absence of decomposition as a miracle. He deposed further that he made another mask to enable him to make a more accurate and better painting. Asked whether, after the brother's death, the body had been eviscerated or opened, he declared that he knew nothing about this. The next witness said such proceedings had not taken place. As late as 1527, the corpse was still completely unchanged. Later it was burned by the Huguenots (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopedia, Gill, Schamoni, Walsh, White).
In art, dressed as a venerable friar, Saint Francis's emblem is the word Caritas in a circle of rays. At times he may be portrayed (1) standing on his cloak in the sea (a story told of several saints) (Roeder, White); (2) levitated above the crowd; kneeling in ecstasy with staff and book; (3) with the scourge and a skull (Roeder).
Saint Francis is the patron saint of sailors, naval officers, navigators, and all people associated with the sea. This patronage originated from an incident that was said to have occurred in 1464. Francis wished to cross the Straits of Messina to Sicily but was refused a boat. He lay his cloak on the sea, tying one end to his staff to make a sail, then sailed across with his companions (White). He is also invoked against plague and sterility (Roeder).
John Paine, Priest M (RM)
(also known as John Payne)
Born in Peterborough, England; died at Chelmsford, England, April 2, 1582; beatified in 1886; canonized in 1970 by Pope Paul VI as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.
It seems that Saint John was a convert to Catholicism. He went to Douai in 1574, was ordained two years later, and immediately sent on the English mission with Saint Cuthbert Mayne. Payne was so successful in bringing back many to the Church that he was arrested a year after his arrival in England. He was released and left England, but returned in 1579.
Again he was arrested--this time in Warwickshire, where he was acting as steward for Lady Petre at Ingatestone Hall, which Lady Petre used as a hiding place for priests. He was accused of plotting to murder the Queen by one John Eliot, a seasoned criminal and murderer who denounced dozens of priests for money.
Payne was imprisoned and tortured in the Tower for nine months before being condemned to death. He was hanged, drawn, and quartered--the usual punishment for being a Catholic priest in Protestant England. This meant he was hanged on a gallows, but cut down before losing consciousness. While still alive and aware, his body was ripped open, eviscerated, and the hangman groped about among the entrails until he found the heart--which he tore out and showed to the people before throwing it on a fire (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Undset).
Blessed Leopold of Gaiche, OFM (AC)
Born in Gaiche near Perugia, Italy, in 1732; died April 15, 1815; beatified in 1893. Leopold joined the Franciscans in his hometown. Following his ordination he was a professor of philosophy and theology. For a decade beginningin 1768, Leopold was apostolic missioner for the Papal States, during which time he founded a Franciscan retreat house at Monte Luco near Spoleto. During the Napoleonic invasion Leopold was compelled to doff his habit and work as a parish priest although he was already 77 years old; nevertheless, he continued his pastoral work (Attwater2, Benedictines).
Date unknown. Saint Longis left his idolatrous family in Switzerland to find peace as a monk and priest at Saint-Longis (Encyclopedia).
Blessed María of St. Joseph (AC)
(also known as Laura Evangelista Alvarado Cardozo)
Born at Choroni, Venezuela, April 25, 1875; died at Maracay, Venezuela, April 2, 1967; beatified May 7, 1995.
Laura Evangelista's made her First Holy Communion on August 15, 1888--a day she could never forget because that was also the day she made a private vow of virginity and consecrated herself to her bridegroom, Jesus Christ. At the age of 17, she made the same vow under the spiritual guidance of her parish priest, Vicente López Aveledo.
She was already working for her living and teaching poor children the catechism in her home, when a smallpox epidemic struck Maracay. Father Vicente opened a hospital and she tended the sick despite the poverty of the people and difficulty of the situation. Yet she never lost hope. Continually she would utter the motive of her life: "My Jesus, the ideal I seek is You and You alone. Nothing frightens me. I want to be a saint, but a true saint."
Her spiritual director, Father Vicente, founded a congregation of nursing sisters--the Augustinian Recollects of the Heart of Jesus-- to tend to the sick, elderly, and orphans in 1901. The following year Laura Evangelista reaffirmed her adolescent vow. On September 13, 1903, she was recognized as the foundress of the community, professed her perpetual vows, and took the name María de San José.
Much like Mother Teresa of Calcutta's modern-day sisters, Mother Maria's sisters cared for the poorest of the poor. She would say, "Those rejected by everyone are ours; those no one want to take are ours." And so they founded 37 homes for the elderly and orphans; thus, spreading Christ's love more deeply into the hearts of those in La Victoria, Villa de Cura, Coro, Calabozo, Ocumare del Tuy, Barquisimeto, Los Teques, San Felipe, Puerto Cabello, Caracas and Valencia.
Mother María's life was a union of loving service and deep contemplation, especially before the Blessed Sacrament where she would spend hours in intimate conversation with Jesus. Her love of the Holy Eucharist drew her to make hosts with her own hands for distribution to parishes--a work she recommended to her daughters.
She died at the age of 92 after a long, patiently borne illness. At her request she was buried in the chapel of the Immaculate Conception Home in Maracay. There thousands of pilgrims visit her shrine to thank her for her intercession on their behalf (L'Observattore Romano).
Mary of Egypt, Hermit (RM)
(also known as Maria Aegyptica)
Died c. 500; feast day is sometimes kept on April 9 or 10. The story of Mary the penitent was known throughout Christendom in the Middle Ages. The story is told in Cyril of Scythopolis's life of Saint Cyriacus, according to John Moschus. He tells of a woman named Mary found by Cyriacus and his companions living as a hermit in the desert beyond the Jordan. She told him that she had been a famous singer and actress who had sinned and was doing penance in the desert; when they returned, she was dead. Around this core, the following story was elaborated and popularly retold in the Middle Ages:
Mary began her life in Egypt. Her parents adored her, which was already a bad start! She was the center of her family's world. Everything revolved, or had to revolve around her: papa, the sun, her cat.
Mary was not an unhappy child. On the contrary, everything was given to her, everyone gave in to her. So much so that one day, annoyed because her parents chanced to oppose one of her whims, she ran away from home--at age 12--to the metropolis of Alexandria.
At that time, a girl of 12 was a woman. Mary was beautiful. She was not adventurous or ambitious or she might not have hurled herself into the wickedness of prostitution for 17 sad years. She had no center, nothing on which to orient herself; she had no faith in anything, she hoped for nothing. She was cynical and disenchanted, at once worshipping and detesting money. There is only one explanation for her life: She loved nothing. Dignity is the premise for any love.
When she first tried to find her way in the city, she thought of a friend of her father's who lived there. He welcomed her, understood her, offered her refuge, and amused her. He destroyed all modesty, all remorse, all childhood in her. She went along with his debaucheries until she became attracted to another man and his stables, so she dropped the former for the latter, without notice. She was trapped. She lived like a glittering coin that is passed from pocket to pocket; she made her morality consist in not having any, indeed in losing sight of its very meaning. Nothing restrained her, nothing could.
Out of curiosity, not piety, Mary joined a group of pilgrims who were setting out for Jerusalem. She paid for her passage by offering herself to the sailors. In Jerusalem, an irresistible force prevented her from entering the church with the other pilgrims. In front of an icon depicting the Blessed Virgin or, according to another version, at the Holy Sepulchre, she was overcome by the enormity of her sinfulness. Interiorly, she was told to cross the Jordan, where she would find rest.
Immediately, Mary set out for the desert, unrecognizing and unrecognized, afraid of the world. All that she took with her were three wretchedly small loaves of bread to provide for her immediate needs, to provide her with time to develop the strength to beg. Thus, completely worn out, she arrived at the bank of the Jordan River. She had no desire to return to her parents' home.
She made her confession and took communion at the monastery of Saint John the Baptist, but did not tarry there. She left the monks to their mortifications. She had not seen any of them, because she had kept her eyes closed. She climbed the sandy hills to where the desert begins. Her life continued to be marked by excesses. Mary was to let herself dry out like a prune, for this was the remedy that she herself devised against her moral rot and decay.
We can't conceive of all she endured, what she was seeking, what she experienced during 47 years in an absolute solitude. During these years she suffered from drought and cold. She lived on berries and dates. Her clothes wore out. Sometimes she had been tempted to return to her life of sin, but always she prayed to the Virgin Mary for strength to resist the temptation. She could not read, but she was divinely instructed in the Christian faith.
There was a monk called Zosimus, who tells us certain things about Mary. He was an old man. About 430, after having lived in a monastery in Palestine for 53 years decided to join a community with stricter rules near the River Jordan. Thus, he came into a new area.
Like his companions, every year, on the first Sunday of Lent, he ate after Mass; then with his head bowed in deep meditation, he set out by himself for the desert. Each year he advanced further into the solitude of the sandy wastes by adding an extra day's walking. This time he had to walk for 20 days before coming to a rest. He sat on the ground and immediately began to pray. He knew noon had arrived because his shadow contracted around him. Distractedly, he saw someone walking in front of him. If it was the devil, he would protect himself against it in the name of Jesus Christ.
You've guessed it--before him stood Mary the penitent, but only a truly sharp person would have been able to distinguish her from a man in that state. She was entirely naked but this did not make him uneasy for her skin, roasted by the sun, was black and dry as an old scrap of wood. Her white hair fell down her back. The monk went up to her, but she backed away, crying out, "Throw me your mantle to cover me, for I have no clothes."
He pursued her up to a clump of bushes behind which she took cover.
"Answer me, for the love of God, what are you doing here? Why and for how long?"
"Zosimus, please hand me your mantle, bless me, forgive my sins, and I will come out. . . ."
It was thus that he learned about her life, and all that has been said and written about her since then. Her temptations and penances Zosimus drew out of her in great detail. Mary the Egyptian spoke only through the Bible whose meaning she found again spontaneously at the end of her long spiritual quest. Zosimus was impressed by her spiritual knowledge and wisdom.
Mary said to Zosimus, "Leave me your mantle; come to see me next year at Easter, with the Eucharist, and don't breathe a word!"
As he promised, Zosimus returned the following Holy Thursday to give her Holy Communion. He also brought figs, dates, and lentils with him. But after Mary had received the sacrament, she would take from him only three lentils. She thanked him and begged him to return the following year.
According to one rendition (no, legends are not always logical), Saint Mary died suddenly in the night after having left a message for the monk, her friend, which she traced out in the sand and which he was to read a year later:
"Father Zosimus, bury the body of lowly Mary the sinner here. Render unto the earth what is the earth's, and pray for me."
This is how he learned her name. He had forgotten to ask her what it was.
Zosimus, with the help of a lion, buried her body. He took back his cloak, which he cherished for the rest of his life, and then he reverently buried Mary the Egyptian. She had lived for 78 years. Sixteen centuries later there are perhaps no greater deserts than the hearts of great cities. Mary the Egyptian, pray for us!
In actuality her body was found dead by two disciples of Saint Cyriacus, a 6th-century hermit, and became the center of these elaborate and popular stories (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopedia, Farmer, Gill).
In art, Saint Mary is generally portrayed clad only in her long hair with her emblem, three loaves of bread. She may also be shown (1) with Mary Magdalene (with whom she is often confused. The Magdalene often has a jar of ointment and crucifix, while Aegyptica has three loaves); (2) sitting under a palm tree and looking across the Jordan; (3) washing her hair in the Jordan; (4) chased from the church by an angel with a sword; or (5) receiving Holy Communion from Saint Zosimus (Roeder). Saint Mary was most popular in the East but also had a Western cultus. Her image was used by artists from the 12th century on carved capitals, in stained glass in the cathedrals of Chartres, Bourges, and Auxerre (13th c.), and in paintings and sculptures of the later Middle Ages (Farmer). Click here to see a 18th- century Russian icon and another anonymous icon of Mary of Egypt.
Bl. Meingosus of Weingarten, OSB Abbot (AC)
(also known as Megingaud, Meingos)
Died c. 1200. Meingosus was abbot of the great Benedictine foundation at Weingarten in Swabia, Germany, from c. 1188 to 1200 (Benedictines). Blessed Meingosus is depicted in art as an abbot superintending building (Roeder).
Nicetius of Lyons B (RM)
(also known as Nizien, Nizier)
Born in Burgundy; died in Lyons, France, on April 2, 573. Saint Nicetius was descended from an ancient family of Gaul. He was raised in piety and given a good education by his virtuous parents. Humility and assiduous prayer were his favorite virtues from the cradle. In his father's house he always chose to appear the lowest in the family, though by birth he had a right to claim the highest place next his parents. He readily gave a preference in all things to his brethren, and took a singular delight, during his hours of recreation, in performing the most servile offices. He instructed the servants and children in all Christian duties, and taught them the psalter and church office. In 551, he succeeded his uncle Saint Sacerdos and governed the church of Lyons faithfully for 22 years, despite all he bad things that it is possible to say about him, and despite his violent temperament. Great miracles confirmed the opinion of his sanctity: his relics are preserved in the parish church of his name, in Lyons (Attwater2, Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth).
Theodosia of Tyre VM (RM)
Born in Tyre; died in Caesarea, Palestine, in 308. At age 18, the consecrated virgin, Saint Theodosia, travelled to Caesarea in Palestine, where she saw some Christian martyrs on their way to execution on Easter Sunday. She congratulated them on their happiness, asked them to pray for her, and exhorted them to patience and perseverance.
Overheard by the officials, she was seized, tortured on the rack, flayed, hanged by the hair, and pierced with nails. She endured all this cheerfully. Nothing could shake her inmost calm. To the judge she sweetly said: "By your torture you procure for me that great happiness which it was my grief to see deferred. I rejoice to see myself called to this crown, and return hearty thanks to God for vouchsafing me such a favor." Enraged that she could not disturb her, the governor finally ordered her to be cast into the sea. The other confessors he condemned to work the mines in Palestine.
Saint Theodosia is honored in both the East and the West, but she is particularly venerated in Venice, Italy. The historian Eusebius, an eyewitness, records her martyrdom in his History of the Martyrs of Palestine, c. 7 (Benedictines, Husenbeth).
Saint Theodosia is portrayed in art as a maiden holding a stone. She may also be shown (1) being thrown into water with a stone around her neck; (2) as the angel brings her ashore; or (3) nailed through her feet to a cypress tree and hanged by her hair (Roeder).
Urban of Langres B (RM)
Died c. 390. Saint Urban was nominated as the sixth bishop of Langres in 374. In some parts of Burgundy and neighboring provinces he is honored as the patron saint of vine dressers (Benedictines, Encyclopedia). In art, Saint Urban is portrayed as a bishop with a bunch of grapes or a vine at his side. Sometimes he may be shown with (1) a book with a wine vessel on it or (2) grapes on a missal as he holds the triple cross (owing to confusion in southern Germany with Pope Urban II. Saint Urban is the patron of Burgundian vine-growers, gardeners, and coopers. He is invoked against blight, frost, storm, and faintness (Roeder).
About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on www.saintpatrickdc.org with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.