Angelus of Jerusalem, OC M (RM)
(also known as Angelo)
Born in Jerusalem in 1145; died in Sicily, 1220. Saint Angelus, born of Jewish parents, was one of the early friar-hermits of Mount Carmel. He was commissioned to obtain the approval of Pope Honorius III for the rule written by Saint Albert in 1206 for the use of the new friars. Angelus travelled to Rome and shortly thereafter went to Sicily (Palermo and Messina) to preach.
According to one version of the legend, he was killed in Licate or Leocata, Sicily, by Count Berenger whose incest with his sister he had denounced. He had converted the count's sister from this scandalous life and thereafter was hanged and shot with arrows. Many miracles were worked at Angelus's intercession after his death, especially in Leocata and Palermo (Benedictines, Husenbeth, Tabor).
Saint Angelus is depicted in art as a Carmelite with a knife in his head. He may also be shown (1) with a sword in his breast, holding a book, palm (symbol of martyrdom), and three crowns; (2) as an angel brings him three crowns; (3) with lilies and roses falling from his mouth as symbols of his eloquence; or (4) tied to a tree and shot with arrows (Roeder, Tabor). He is venerated in Leocata, Sicily (Roeder).
Avertinus, Deacon (AC)
Died 1189. The deacon Avertinus accompanied Saint Thomas Becket into his exile in France. After Thomas was killed in his cathedral, Avertinus consecrated himself to the service of the poor and strangers at Vinzai, a village in Touraine. He is included in the new martyrology of Evreux and that of Tours (Husenbeth).
Brito of Trèves B (AC)
(also known as Britonius of Trier)
Died 386. Bishop Brito of Trier, Germany, was a staunch opponent of the Priscillian heretics, whom he nevertheless always refused to hand over to the state for punishment because he believed that the civil powers had no authority in Church affairs (Benedictines).
Crescentiana M (RM)
5th century. The only evidence for the life of Saint Crescentiana is a church in Rome dedicated to her that was already extant at the time of Pope Symmachus (498-514) (Benedictines).
Diuma B (AC)
7th century. Saint Diuma, a Scottish priest, was sent with Saint Cedd to convert Mercia and became its first bishop. His monastery, Saint Peter's, grew into the modern town of Peterborough (Benedictines, Montague).
Echa of Crayk, OSB Hermit (AC)
(also known as Etha)
Died 767. Echa was an Anglo-Saxon priest and monk-hermit at Crayk, near York, England (Benedictines).
Blessed Edmund Ignatius Rice (AC)
Born at Callan, Westcourt, County Kilkenny, Ireland, June 1, 1762; died August 29, 1844; beatified October 6, 1996.
Edmund Rice, founder of the Christian Brothers (not to be confused with the Brothers of the Christian Schools, which was founded by Saint John Baptist de la Salle) and the Presentation Brothers, was the son of prosperous farmers. His paternal uncle was a successful merchant in Waterford, who apprenticed Edmund. Rice married in 1785. After four happy years of marriage that produced a daughter, his wife died in a hunting accident. Thereafter his thoughts turned more and more to a religious vocation and his charity extended beyond his family.
Edmund was a man of affluence among poor Catholics in Waterford. But more importantly he was a shining example of lay Christianity. He used his wealth to help the clergy of his parish meet the pressing needs of his fellow citizens. In considering his vocation, he realized that affordable education was the key to opportunity for those oppressed by poverty and the weight of anti-Catholic legislation.
He established an organization "to educate these boys to be good Catholics and good citizens." In 1803, with the encouragement of both the pope and the bishops, Edmund Rice opened his first school in Waterford. Six years later, he formed the nucleus of his religious order based on the Rule of the Presentation Sisters.
Unfortunately, the Rule did not ideal to meet his vision, so he revised it to follow that of La Salle's Brothers of the Christian Schools. The order received approbation in 1821 with Edmund as its first Superior General. At the time of his death there were over 20 houses; today there are more than 300 throughout the world, including the University College of Iona in La Rochelle, which is a center for Irish studies in the United States. The Presentation Brothers now have 33 houses.
The Christian Brothers are especially active in educating Irish boys at the primary and secondary level. They also pioneered schools for delinquents. In various parts of the world, both Orders have also entered into university training as well as being a major source of the training of teachers for Catholic schools.
Eulogius of Edessa B (RM)
Died after 381. Father Eulogius of Edessa was banished to the Thebaid for his opposition to Arianism. Upon his return from the desert after the death of Emperor Valens, he was chosen bishop of Edessa (Benedictines).
Euthymius of Alexandria, Deacon M (RM)
Date unknown. A deacon of Alexandria, martyred there (Benedictines).
Geruntius of Milan B (RM)
Died c. 470. Saint Geruntius succeeded Saint Eusebius as bishop of Milan in 465 (Benedictines).
Hilary of Arles B (RM)
Born in Lorraine, France, c. 400; died 449.
While still a pagan, Hilary attained a high office in the local administration because of his excellent education and native abilities. His friend and close relative Saint Honoratus recognized that Hilary was being called to the special service of God. For a short time Honoratus left his recently founded monastery of Lérins to seek out Hilary and invite him to join him on the island, but his friend resisted. Hilary later wrote: "On the one side I felt that the Lord was calling me, while on the other hand the seductions of the world held me back. My will swayed backwards and forwards, now consenting, now refusing. But at last Christ triumphed in me."
When Hilary made up his mind, he never looked back. He gave away all that he possessed to the poor, then he was baptized, made his profession, and joined the community at Lérins as a monk. Honoratus treated Hilary as his favorite son. When Honoratus became bishop of Arles in 426, he made Hilary his secretary, and groomed him to succeed as bishop. Hilary did not want to leave Arles but Honoratus himself came to get him. When Honoratus died, the grieving Hilary looked forward to returning to Lérins. En route to the island he was stopped by messengers, sent by the citizens of Arles, asking him to be their archbishop. Thus, he was consecrated.
Hilary was an energetic, devoted, and impetuous bishop, zealous in charity and zealous in asserting the rights of his episcopate. In the latter he twice went too far and was censured by the pope. But each time Hilary, even though he had defended himself, submitted to the superior authority.
The limits of his province as metropolitan of southern Gaul had never been settled. On a visitation in a disputed area, he deposed a bishop called Chelidonius because he had married a widow before ordination and, as a magistrate, had passed a death sentence. Either of these charges, if substantiated, would have disqualified him for the episcopate. When Hilary realized that the man was appealing to Rome, he followed. Chelidonius cleared himself of the charges before Pope Saint Leo the Great. A council was called, during which Hilary contended that the case ought to have been tried by the papal commissaries in Gaul. Hilary left Rome before a decision was rendered against him.
Soon after there was another complaint. A Gaulish bishop named Projectus was on the point of death, when Hilary appointed another bishop to the see. The sick man recovered, leaving two men claiming the same diocese. Hilary supported his own nominee, perhaps because the first was too sick to carry out his duties. Saint Leo, however, judged that Hilary's actions were wrong and could lead to schism. Therefore, the pope censured him, forbade Hilary to appoint any more bishops, and transferred the dignity of metropolitan to the bishop of Fréjus. Nevertheless, after Hilary's death in 449, Pope Leo the Great wrote of 'Hilary of sacred memory.'
Perhaps Hilary's impetuous zeal arose because he was still a young man, barely thirty when he became bishop of Arles. Even as bishop, the saint lived as though he were still in the monastery, observing the regular monastic hours of prayer. He presided over several church councils. He is chiefly remembered for the discourse he delivered on the life of Saint Honoratus, the text of which has survived (tr. by F. R. Hoare in The Western Fathers, 1954); however, the sanctity of his life is what won for him popular veneration in life and after death (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Walsh).
In art, Saint Hilary is portrayed as secretary to the bishop with the chain of office, biretta, book and a dove at his ear. He may also be shown (1) as bishop consecrating a virgin with a dove at his ear; (2) at a council of bishops, the earth rises to enthrone him and an empty tomb is seen nearby; or (3) driving serpents or dragons from the island of Lérins (Roeder).
(also known as Hydoc)
5th century. Hydroc, the patron saint of Lanhydroc, Cornwall, England, may have been a hermit. It is implausible that he is identical to the Irish Huydhran or Odran (Benedictines, Farmer).
Irenaeus, Peregrinus & Irene MM (RM)
Died c. 300. Martyrs of Thessalonica who were burned at the stake under Diocletian (Benedictines).
Blessed John Haile M (AC)
Died 1535. Father Haile was the parish priest of Isleworth, Middlesex, England. He was martyred at Tyburn with Saint John Houghton (Benedictines).
Jovinian of Auxerre M (RM)
Died after 300. Saint Jovinian was a fellow missionary with Saint Peregrinus of Auxerre, whom he served as lector. He is believed to have survived his bishop and to have died a martyr (Benedictines).
Jutta of Kulmsee, Widow (AC)
Born at Sangerhausen, Thuringia; died at Kulmsee, Prussia, in 1250 or 1260. The written life of this young noblewoman, bears a curious resemblance to that of Saint Elizabeth of Hungary, who was almost her contemporary. Jutta, too, was happily married with a family of children and she was prostrated by the loss of her husband, who died on a pilgrimage or crusade to the Holy Land. Thereafter, she provided for her children, divested herself of her property, and passed her few remaining years in religious retirement and care for the poor. In Jutta's case this was in the territory of the Teutonic Knights, whose grand-master was a relative of hers. After her death at her hermitage near Kulmsee a strong local cultus of her grew up in Prussia, where she is venerated as patroness (Attwater, Benedictines).
Maurontius of Douai, OSB (AC)
(also known as Maurantius, Mauron, Mauront)
Born in 634; died May 5, c. 701. Saint Maurontius was the heir-apparent to SS. Adalbald and Rictrudis. He was baptized by Saint Riquier and reared at the court of Clovis II and Saint Bathildis. Upon the death of his father, he succeeded him as lord of Douai (Tournai) and inherited other estates.
He was on the point of marrying, in fact the marriage contract had been signed, when he heard a discourse by the retired Bishop Saint Amandus on the dangers of the world. Maurontius immediately quit the world and joined the Benedictines at Marchiennes, a monastery that had been founded by his mother. Within a short time he received the clerical tonsure from Amandus, and some years later he was ordained a deacon (apparently he was never ordained to the priesthood) and prior of Hamage Abbey.
Eventually, he became the abbot-founder (and patron) of Breuil-sur- lys, built on his estate near Douai in the diocese of Thérouanne. There he cared for Saint Amatus, who had been banished by King Theodoric III. Maurontius respected and learned so much from Amatus that he resigned his abbacy in his favor and lived under his obedience. When the holy bishop died in 690, Maurontius resumed the leadership of the monastery and directed the monks at the double monastery of Marchiennes at the same time, while his sister Saint Clotsend was abbess of the nuns.
Maurontius was buried at Breuil, but during the Nordic invasions at the end of the 9th century, King Charles the Simple had the relics of Maurontius and Amatus moved to the church of Saint Amatus at Douai. Maurontius's body is kept in a rich shrine in this church, in which is a chapel dedicated to him and his parents, where there is a statue of him between those of his parents. The abbey of Saint Guislin in Hainault possesses his skull in a shrine of silver gilt. The cathedral of Arras, and some churches, show particles of his relics (Benedictines, Husenbeth).
In art Saint Maurontius is a nobleman holding an abbey (Breuil-sur- lys) in his hand with a fleur-de-lys on his shield (Roeder). In his chapel, his statue shows him holding in his right hand a scepter, and in his left a building with a tower or belfry (Husenbeth).
Mauruntius, Abbot (AC)
Died c. 700; feast formerly celebrated on January 9. The calendar shows a second abbot with a similar name on this day, the abbot- founder of Saint-Florent-le-Vieil in Anjou (Benedictines).
Maximus of Jerusalem B (RM)
Died c. 350. Although Saint Maximus was not killed during the Diocletian persecution, he was crippled for life. He succeeded Saint Macarius as bishop of Jerusalem. The Arians used his simplicity against him and Saint Athanasius, but later he made ample amends. He has no cultus in the Eastern Church (Benedictines).
Nectarius of Vienne B (AC)
Died c. 445. Nectarius was the bishop of Vienne in the Dauphiné (Benedictines).
Nicetus of Vienne B (RM)
Died after 449. Saint Nicetus was the 15th bishop of Vienne in the Dauphiné (Benedictines).
Sacerdos of Saguntum B (RM)
Died c. 560. Sacerdos is said to have been bishop of Saguntum (now Murviedro), Spain, where he is venerated as patron (Benedictines).
Silvanus of Rome M (RM)
Date unknown. Nothing else is known but that his martyrdom occurred at Rome (Benedictines).
Theodore of Bologna B (RM)
Died c. 550. Bishop of Bologna, Italy, from about 530 to about 550 (Benedictines).
Waldrada of Metz, Abbess (AC)
Died c. 620. Saint Waldrada was the first abbess of the convent of Saint-Pierre-aux-Nonnais at Metz (Benedictines).
About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on www.saintpatrickdc.org with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.