Saint Paschal Baylon
Adrio, Victor & Basilla MM (RM)
Date unknown. Martyrs of Alexandria, whether at the hands of pagans or Arians is unknown (Benedictines).
Andronicus and Junias MM (AC)
1st century; liturgically honored among the Greeks. These saints are referenced by Saint Paul in Romans 16:7: "Salute Andronicus and Junias, my kinsmen and fellow- prisoners, who are of not among the Apostles, who also were in Christ before me." This is all that is known about them (Benedictines).
Bruno of Würzburg B (RM)
Died 1045; feast day formerly May 27. Saint Bruno, great-nephew of Saint Bruno of Querfurt, was consecrated bishop of Würzburg in 1033. He spent his private fortune on building the cathedral of Saint Kilian and other churches in the diocese. The saint was killed by the collapse of a gallery while dining with Emperor Henry III at Bosenburg on the Danube (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson).
Cathan B (AC)
(also known as Catan, Cadan)
6th or 7th century. According to the Scots, the relics of Bishop Saint Cathan rest on the Isle of Bute, where he may have been bishop. They were so famous that the land was often called Kilcathan. His tomb is also shown at Tamlacht near Londonderry. There is the possibility that there were two saints by this name (Benedictines, Husenbeth).
Heradius, Paul, Aquilinus & Companions MM (RM)
Died 303. This group of five martyrs was put to death at Nyon (Noviodunum) on the lake of Geneva under Diocletian (Benedictines).
Madron of Cornwall, Hermit (AC)
(also known as Maden, Madern)
Died near Land's End, Cornwall, c. 545. Saint Madron, a hermit in Brittany of Cornish descent, is the patron of many churches, including the site of his hermitage at Saint Madern's Well in Cornwall and two parishes in Saint-Malo. Many miracles are ascribed to Saint Madron, including one experienced, investigated, and attested to by the Protestant bishop of Exeter, Dr. Joseph Hall, a strong opponent of Catholicism who wrote Dissuasive from popery to W. D.. In On the invisible world he wrote of the miraculous cure at Saint Madern's Well:
"The commerce that we have with the good spirits is not now discerned by the eye, but is, like themselves, spiritual. Yet not so, but that even in bodily occasions we have many times insensible helps from them; in such manner as that by the effects we can boldly say: Here hath been an angel, though we see him not. Of this kind was that (no less than miraculous) cure which at Saint Madern's in Cornwall was wrought upon a poor cripple, John Trelille, whereof (besides the attestation of many hundreds of neighbors) I took a strict and personal examination in that last visitation which I either did or ever shall hold. This man, that for sixteen years together was fain to walk upon his hands, by reason of the close contraction of the sinews of his legs (upon three admonitions in a dream to wash in that well), was suddenly so restored to his limbs, that I saw him able to walk and get his own maintenance. I found here was neither art nor collusion: the thing done, the author invisible."
Another writer of the same period gives a fuller account of the same miraculous cure:
"I will relate one miracle more done in our own country, to the great wonder of the neighboring inhabitants, but a few years ago, viz., about the year 1640. The process of the business was told the king when at Oxford, which he caused to be further examined. It was this: a certain boy of twelve years old, called John Trelille, in the county of Cornwall, not far from the Land's End, as they were playing at football, snatching up the ball ran away with it; whereupon a girl in anger struck him with a thick stick on the backbone, and so bruised or broke it, that for sixteen years after he was forced to go creeping on the ground.
"In this condition he arrived to the twenty-eighth year of his age, when he dreamed that if he did but bathe in Saint Madern's well, or in the stream running from it, he should recover his former strength and health. This is a place in Cornwall from the remains of ancient devotion still frequented by Protestants on the Thursdays in May, and especially on the feast of Corpus Christi; near to which well is a chapel dedicated to Saint Madern, where is yet an altar, and right against it a grassy hillock (made every year anew by the country people) which they call Saint Madern's bed. The chapel-roof is quite decayed; but a kind of thorn of itself shooting forth of the old walls, so extends its boughs that it covers the whole chapel, and supplies as it were a roof.
"On a Thursday in May, assisted by one Periman his neighbor, entertaining great hopes from his dream, thither he crept, and lying before the altar, and praying very fervently that he might regain his health and the strength of his limbs, he washed his whole body in the stream that flowed from the well, and ran through the chapel: after which, having slept about an hour and a half on Saint Madern's bed, through the extremity of pain he felt in his nerves and arteries, he began to cry out, and his companion helping and lifting him up, he perceived his hams and joints somewhat extended, and himself become stronger, insomuch, that partly with his feet, partly with his hands, he went much more erect than before.
"Before the following Thursday he got two crutches, resting on which he could make shift to walk, which before he could not do. And coming to the chapel as before, after having bathed himself he slept on the same bed, and awaking found himself much stronger and more upright; and so leaving one crutch in the chapel, he went home with the other.
"The third Thursday he returned to the chapel. and bathed as before, slept, and when he awoke rose up quite cured; yea, grew so strong, that he wrought day-labor among other hired servants; and four years after listed himself a soldier in the kings army, where he behaved himself with great stoutness, both of mind and body at length, in 1644, he was slain at Lime in Dorsetshire."
The author emphasizes notice that Thursday and Friday were the days chosen out of devotion to the blessed Eucharist and the Passion of Christ.
This well-attested miracle aroused interest in Saint Madron, but still little is known about the saint except for the dedications in Cornwall and Brittany. He has been identified as Saint Medran, the disciple of Saint Kieran, the Welsh Saint Padarn, or a local man when accompanied Saint Tudwal to Brittany (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, Husenbeth).
Maildulf of Malmesbury, Abbot (AC)
(also known as Maeldubh)
Died at Malmesbury Abbey, England, in 673. The Irish monk Saint Maildulf left his homeland to spread the Gospel in England. He settled in the lonely forest country that in those days lay in the northeast of Wiltshire. After living for a time as a hermit, he gathered the children of the neighborhood for instruction. In the course of time his hermitage became a school, where he had Saint Aldhelm among his disciples. The school and foundation flourished even after his death, acquiring fame as a community of scholars known as Malmesbury (Benedictines, Husenbeth, Montague).
Born in Ireland. Only Husenbeth mentions this saint, whose name in Cornish means "a boy." He appears to have left his homeland in search of solitude in Cornwall. In his hermitage on the sea near Falmouth, he lived a life of prayer and austere penance at Saint Mawes. A church, chair of solid stone in the churchyard, and a holy well still bear his name. Leland writes that Maw had been a teacher and later a bishop in Britain (Husenbeth).
Paschal Baylon, OFM (RM)
Born in Torre Hermosa, Aragon, Spain, in 1540; died Villareal, Spain, 1592; beatified in 1618; canonized in 1690; declared patron of all Eucharistic congresses and confraternities in 1897.
Saint Paschal Baylon, son of the peasants Martin Baylon and Elizabeth Jubera, received his name from the day on which he was born: Whitsunday. He worked as a shepherd for his father and others until the age of 24. At 18, after a vision, he had applied to join the Franciscans at Loreto, 200 miles away, but the monks turned him down, knowing nothing of him personally. He applied again, a few years later (1564), and was accepted, and he lived a strict life according to the recently initiated reforms of Saint Peter of Alcantara.
He served primarily as a doorkeeper at various friaries in Spain. His intense devotion to the Blessed Sacrament is obvious from the long hours he spent kneeling before the tabernacle, with his clasped hands outstretched.
He was sent to France with a message to Father Christopher de Cheffontaines, the minister general of the Observants, and travelled wearing his habit during a dangerous time of religious wars. He was accosted several times and once narrowly escaped with his life, after he defended the doctrine of the Real Presence of the Holy Eucharist to a Calvinist preacher and a crowd. He was stoned by a party of Hugenots and suffered from the injury for the rest of his life.
This miracle worker died on a Whitsunday, just as the bell was tolling to announce the consecration at the high Mass.
Saint Paschal Baylon is the patron of shepherds, the Eucharist and Eucharistic guilds, societies and congresses, and of Italian women (there seems no obvious explanation of this except that his name-- "Baylonna," in Italian--rhymes with "donna"). He is portrayed in art in the act of adoration before the Host; or watching sheep (Attwater2, Benedictines, White).
Blessed Rasso of Grafrath, OSB (AC)
(also known as Ratho)
Died 953. Count Rasso of Andechs (Bavaria), a man of great stature, was a brave warrior. He led the Bavarians in several campaigns against the invading Hungarians. After a midlife pilgrimage to the Holy Land and Rome, he founded a Benedictine abbey at Wörth (now Grafrath) in Bavaria where he himself became a monk. Saint Rasso gives his name to the healing shrine of Grafrath in Bavaria (Attwater2).
Restituta of Carthage VM (RM)
Died 255 or 304. An African girl who died for Christ during the persecution of Valerian or Diocletian, probably at Carthage. Her relics are housed in the cathedral of Naples (Attwater2, Benedictines).
Silaus of Lucca B (AC)
(also known as Silave, Silanus, Sillaeus, Sillao, Siollan)
Born in Ireland; died at Lucca, Italy, in 1100; canonized by Pope Lucius III in 1183; feast day sometimes shown as May 21. Saint Silaus, an Irish monk and the abbot of Saint Brendan's monastery, was a zealous and charitable bishop. He spent the end of his life in Italy, where he was known as the "father of the poor." He died at Lucca on his return home from a pilgrimage to Rome. He is the subject of many extravagant tales (Benedictines, Husenbeth).
Solochon and Companions MM (RM)
Died 305. Solochon was one of three Egyptian soldiers in the imperial army at Chalcedon, who were clubbed to death for the faith under Maximian (Benedictines).
Thethmar of Neumuenster (AC)
(also known as Theodemar)
Born at Bremen, Germany; died at Neumünster, 1152. Saint Thethmar was a missionary among the Wends and a disciple of Saint Vicelin. He was probably a a Premonstratensian (Attwater2, Benedictines).
About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on www.saintpatrickdc.org with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.