Bron of Cassel B (AC)
Died c. 511. Bishop Bron of Cassel-Irra (near Sligo) was a disciple of Saint Patrick (Benedictines).
Calliope (Calliopa) VM (RM)
Died c. 250. Saint Calliope, an Eastern martyr, was beheaded for Christ, though no other details are known of her passion and her acta are untrustworthy (Benedictines). In art, Saint Calliope is shown as a hot iron is applied to her breast. She is venerated in the Eastern Church (Roeder).
Clodulf of Metz B (RM)
(also known as Clou, Cloud, Clodulphus)
Born 605; died 696. Saint Cloud, succeeded his father, Saint Arnulf, as bishop of Metz and governed the see for 40 years (Benedictines, Encyclopedia). Saint Cloud is depicted in art as a Benedictine abbot giving his hood to a poor man. A ray of light shines from his head. He might also be shown with the royal insignia at his feet or instructing the poor (Roeder). He is invoked against carbuncles (Roeder).
Eustadiola of Moyen-Moutier, OSB Abbess (AC)
Born at Bourges, France; died 690. When Eustadiola was widowed, she expended her fortune building Moyen-Moutier convent in her hometown to which she retired and of which she became abbess (Benedictines).
Gildard (Godard) of Rouen B (RM)
Died c. 514. Saint Gildard ruled the see of Rouen for about 15 years. The Roman Martyrology unfortunately relates a later fable, according to which he was a brother of Saint Medard of Soissons, "born on the same day, consecrated bishops on the same day, and on the same day withdrawn from this life." In fact, Saint Gildard was dead at least five years when Saint Medard was consecrated (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
Heraclius of Sens B (RM)
Died c. 515. Saint Heraclius, the 14th bishop of Sens, was present at the baptism of King Clovis on Christmas Day in 496 in Rheims Cathedral. He built Saint John the Evangelist Abbey in Sens, where he was buried (Benedictines).
Blessed John Rainuzzi, OSB (AC)
Died c. 1330. John "the Almsgiver" was a Benedictine monk of Saint Margaret's monastery at Todi, Italy, who naturally earned his nickname by his charity (Benedictines).
Levan (Levin) (AC)
6th century. The Irish Saint Levan (possibly a shortened form of Silvanus) migrated to Cornwall, where he gave his name to a parish (Benedictines).
Maximinus of Aix B (RM)
1st century. According to legend, Maximinus was one of Christ's 72 disciples and accompanied Mary Magdalene, Martha, Lazarus, and Mary Cleopas to Provence to evangelize the area. He made his headquarters at Aix, where he is considered its first bishop, and was reputed to have given communion to Saint Mary Magdalene when she was miraculously transported to him from her cave at Sainte- Baume.
In one legend, he is identified as "the man who had been blind from birth" in John 9:1-38. However, factual information about Maximinus is lacking, including even the century in which he lived, though he may have been a 5th century bishop of Aix (Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopedia).
In art, Saint Maximinus is generally depicted as a bishop administering the last sacraments to Saint Mary Magdalene. He might also be shown (1) in a boat with Mary, Martha, and Lazarus sailing to Marseilles (because of a legend to that effect); (2) as an elderly bishop with a crozier and mitre; or (3) as a young priest in the Deposition by Lorenzetti at Siena (Roeder). He is venerated at Saint Maximin-la-Sainte-Baume, Provence (Roeder).
Medard of Noyon B (RM)
Born c. 470 in Salency, Picardy, France; died c. 558. Born of a Frankish noble father and a Gallo-Roman mother, Saint Medard was educated at Saint-Quentin. He is also the brother of Saint Gildard, archbishop of Rouen. At 33, he was ordained to the priesthood and became so successful as a missioner that he was chosen to succeed Bishop Alomer in 530 in the see of Vermandois. Medard may have been consecrated by Saint Remigius of Rheims.
According to an unreliable tradition, Medard moved his see from Saint-Quentin to Noyon after a raid by the Huns, then united it with the diocese of Tournai. Allegedly Noyon and Tournai remained under one bishop for 500 years.
Medard is known to have given the veil to Queen Saint Radegund. He is credited with the institution of the old local custom of Rosiere. Each year where his feast is celebrated, the young girl who has been judged the most exemplary in the district is escorted by 12 boys and 12 girls to the church, where she is crowned with roses and given a gift of money (Benedictines, White).
In art, an eagle shelters Saint Medard from the rain, a reference to the legend that this happened when he was a child (Roeder). This may explain the origins of the superstition that if it rains on his feast day, the next 40 days will be wet; if the weather is good, the next 40 will be fine as well (White). He might also be portrayed with two horses at his feet, leaving footprints on stone, or holding a citadel (Roeder). In Medieval art, Medard may be laughing with his mouth wide open (le ris de Saint Medard), and for this reason he is invoked against toothache (White).
Saint Medard is the patron of brewers, peasants, prisoners (Roeder), corn harvests, and vintage (White). He is invoked on behalf of idiots and lunatics, as well as for fruitfulness, both in child-bearing and in the fields, for rains and vineyards, and against bad weather and toothache (Roeder).
Melania the Elder, Widow (AC)
Died in Jerusalem c. 400-410. This Melania, a Roman patrician of the Valerii family, was the paternal grandmother of the saint by the same name. Left a widow at age 22, she was away from Rome from 372 to 379, mostly in Palestine where she was associated with Saint Jerome. Melania left Italy for good following the Visigoth invasion. She had a somewhat domineering personality, and her relationship with her granddaughter was not always easy. The relationship with Saint Jerome was a clash of titans (Attwater, Benedictines). Saint Melania is portrayed in art as a widow praying in a cave with a water-pot, bread, and a pilgrim's staff near her (Roeder).
Muirchu (Maccutinus) (AC)
7th century. The Irish Saint Muirchu wrote a vita of Saint Brigid and another of Saint Patrick (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
Blessed Pacificus of Cerano, OFM (AC)
Born in Cerano, diocese of Novara, Italy, in 1424; died 1482; cultus approved in 1745. Pacificus Ramota became a Franciscan in 1445. He excelled as both a preacher and as a writer of moral theology, his Summa Pacifica was popular among his contemporaries (Benedictines).
Robert of Frassinoro, OSB Abbot (AC)
Died after 1070. Robert was the abbot of the Benedictine monastery of Frassinoro near Modena, Italy (Benedictines).
Sallustian of Sardinia (RM)
Date unknown. Saint Sallustrian has been venerated in Sardinia since ancient time, however, nothing is known for certain about his life. Some martyrologies claim he is a martyr; others, a hermit (Benedictines).
Severinus of Sanseverino B (RM)
Died 550. Severinus was bishop of Septempeda, which is now called Sanseverino in his honor, in the Marches of Ancona. He and his brother Saint Victorinus distributed their enormous wealth among the poor and became hermits at Montenero. Pope Vigilius forced both to become bishops in 540-- Severinus in Septempeda and Victorinus in Camerino. Severinus died shortly before Septempeda was destroyed by Totila the Ostrogoth (Benedictines).
Syra (Syria) of Troyes V (AC)
7th century. Saint Syra is alleged to have been the sister of Saint Fiacre and to have followed him from Ireland to France. The story says that she sought the protection of Bishop Saint Faro of Meaux, who commended her to the care of his sister, Saint Burgudofara, abbess of Brie. As a recluse under Fara's direction, Syra became the model of humility, charity, and devotion. Her feast is kept today at Troyes and in some parts of Ireland; a second feast on October 23 is kept at Meaux (Benedictines, Husenbeth).
Victorinus B (RM)
Died 543. Victorinus, brother of Saint Severinus, was made bishop of Camerino in 540 against his will by Pope Virgilius. He would have preferred to continued his eremitical life with his brother in Montenero near Ancona (Benedictines).
William Fitzherbert B (RM)
(also known as William of York or William of Thwayt)
Died at York, June 8, 1154; canonized 1226 or 1227 by Pope Honorius III.
William Fitz Herbert--son of Count Herbert, treasurer to Henry I, and Emma, half sister of King Stephen--had impressed many as canon and treasurer of York Minster. In 1140, after the death of Archbishop Thurstand, he was elected archbishop in turn by a majority of the cathedral chapter. At this point the smooth running of William's life ended. Archdeacon Walter of York and the diocese's Cistercian monks claimed that he had paid to be elevated to the archbishopric and that he was sexually incontinent. Others, including the Augustinian priors, said that his friendship with his uncle, King Stephen, gave him an improper influence in securing election to the see.
The archbishop of Canterbury was reluctant to consecrate William under such a cloud of accusation. For a time even Pope Innocent III hesitated, before finally agreeing to support William. Henry of Blois, who was both bishop of Winchester and King Stephen's brother accordingly consecrated William and he took up his duties as archbishop in 1143.
But the dispute did not end; matters soon became difficult again. William failed to receive the official 'pallium,' symbol of the pope's authority, before the pope who sent it had died. The papal legate took the pallium back to Rome.
The new pope, Eugenius III, was a Cistercian and sided with the archbishop's opponents, including Saint Bernard of Clairvaux. William visited Rome to persuade the pope of his credentials. But the pope suspended him. To make things worse, a group of his followers now violently attacked some of the monks of Fountains Abbey, itself a Cistercian foundation, and set fire to the monastery farms. The abbot of Fountains, Henry Murdac, had been William's rival for the see of York in the first place.
A council held at Rheims in 1147 now deposed William. He went to stay with Henry of Blois, and spent six chastened years living as a monk at Winchester. Only when both the pope and the abbot of Fountains were dead was he able to make a successful appeal to Pope Anastasius IV and return in triumph to York. Enormous crowds gathered on a bridge over the River Ouse as William arrived. The bridge collapsed. Fortunately no one was injured, and this was taken as a sign of good things to come. William, however, had reached the end of his life.
William was mild and conciliatory towards his enemies, but within a few months he was dead, perhaps, it was rumored, from poison at the hands of Osbert, the new archdeacon of York. He was well liked by the people, and the rumored murder doubtless contributed to a popular demand for his canonization (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopedia).
Saint William is depicted in the episcopal insignia on many windows in York, England. He might be shown (1) on a shield with eight lozenges near him; (2) crossing the Ouse Bridge; (3) on horseback, received by the Mayor at Mickelgate Bar; (4) kneeling to kiss the cross at the entrance to York Minster; or (5) as a tonsured monk praying in the wilderness with a holy dove nearby (Roeder).
About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on www.saintpatrickdc.org with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.