St. Patrick Catholic Church
Saint of the Day
 

Our Lady of Mount Carmel
(Optional Memorial)
July 16



Athenogenes BM (RM)
Date unknown. On his way to martyrdom, Saint Athenogenes wrote the hymn Phos Hilarion, a feature of the vespers of the Byzantine liturgy. The Roman Martyrology states: "In Pontus, the birthday of Saint Athenogenes, an aged theologian, who, when about to consummate his martyrdom by fire, sang a hymn of joy, which he left in writing to his disciples." He is probably identical to the bishop who suffered at Sebaste, Armenia, with ten disciples under Diocletian on July 16. Venerated in the Eastern Church (Benedictines, Roeder). In art, Saint Athenogenes is represented as an aged bishop. The executioner's hand is paralyzed while attempting to scourge him. Sometimes he is shown singing a hymn of joy on his way to the stake (Roeder).


Domnio of Bergamo M (RM)
Died c. 295. A martyr of Bergamo in Lombardy under Diocletian (Benedictines).


Eustathius of Antioch B (RM)
(also known as Eustace)

Born in Side, Pamphylia; died in Thrace, Greece, c. 335, or Illyricum, c. 337. Much of what we know about Eustace comes from Saint Athanasius. Confessor during a persecution by Diocletian of Licinius, Eustace was a learned, eloquent, and virtuous man. His ardent zeal for the purity of the faith caused him to be made bishop of Beroea, Syria. When Saint Philogonius of Antioch died c. 323, the weak and wavering bishop Paulinus succeeded him for a short time as patriarch. Saint Eustace was called to replace Paulinus, but he opposed the transfer to the third most important see because of his zeal for the purity of the faith, the quality most needed at that time in Antioch. He felt that the transfer of bishops leads to dangerous temptations of ambition and avarice. In various ways, Eustace was forced to accept the patriarchal see of Antioch against his will.

He attended the Council of Nicaea and concurred with his fellow bishops to forbid all translations of bishops from one see to another. During, before, and after the council, Eustace was a firm opponent of Arianism both in his preaching and in his writing.

Eustace was an outstanding bishop. Upon returning to Antioch, he convened a synod to unite the factions that had developed. He judiciously examined the character and faith of those seeking ordination. Many he rejected later became leaders of Arianism. He sent capable, virtuous men into other dioceses within his patriarchate to teach and encourage the faithful.

In a impolitic move, Eustace raised violent opposition against Eusebius of Caesarea, a suffragan bishop of Antioch, who was one of the Arian leaders and close to the throne. Together with Bishop Eusebius of Nicomedia, the bishop of Caesarea plotted to remove Saint Eustace from his see. They accused him of altering the Nicene Creed.

Eusebius of Nicomedia went to Jerusalem and there gathered like- minded Arians, including Theognis of Nicea, Eusebius of Caesarea, Patrophilus of Scythopolis, Actius of Lydda, Theodotus of Laudicea, and other. They returned to Antioch and assembled a synod in 331. They obtained the false testimony of a women, who said that Eustace had fathered her child. Eustace protested his innocence and alleged that tradition requires two or more witnesses before convicting a priest. Before her death she did declare before many priests that she had been bribed to make the charge and that Patriarch Eustace was innocent, the father of the child was another Eustace, a brazier.

The Arians also accused him of Sabellianism. Although the Catholic bishops present loudly protested against the injustice of these proceedings, the Arians pronounced a sentence of deposition against the saint. Eusebius of Nicomedia and Theognis hastened to inform Emperor Constantine of the decision. The people of Antioch raised a great sedition on this occasion, but Constantine was open to hearing the slanders presented by his friends. He ordered Eustace to Constantinople.

Before his departure from Antioch, the holy pastor assembled the people and exhorted them to remain steadfast in the true doctrine. Constantine banished Eustace, together with several of his priests and deacons, first into Thrace, as Saint Jerome and Saint John Chrysostom testify, then into Illyricum, as Theodoret adds (Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth).


Faustus M (RM)
Died 250. Faustus was martyred during the Decian persecutions by being crucified and transfixed with arrows. He is said to have lingered in agony for five days (Benedictines).


Fulrad of Saint-Denis, OSB Abbot (AC)
Born in Alsace; died 784. Saint Fulrad became a Benedictine and founded monasteries in Lièvre, Saint-Hippolyte, and Salone. In 750, he was elected abbot of Saint-Denis near Paris. From this time his life is identified with that of the Carolingian court. He served in high office under Pepin, Carloman, and Charlemagne: councillor, court chaplain, grand-almoner, and ambassador.

The year of his abbatial election, he went to Rome with Saint Burchard and secured the approval from Pope Saint Zachary of Pepin as king of the Franks. Fulrad acted for Pepin in 756 in turning over the exarchate of Ravenna to the Holy See, the early seeds of the Papal States, and helped in setting up the Frankish kings as supporters of the Holy See rather than the Byzantine emperor, a move that was to have an incalculable impact on the future of Europe. Under his able guidance Saint-Denis flourished as one of the outstanding monasteries of Europe (Benedictines, Delaney).


Generosus of Poitou, OSB Abbot (AC)
Died c. 682. Saint Generosus was abbot of Saint-Jouin-de-Marnes in Poitou (Benedictines).


Helier of Tongres M (AC)
(also known as Elier, Herlier, Helerous)

6th century. The town of Saint Helier in Jersey is named after this saint, but all that we really know of him comes from a corrupt version of a medieval account. According to this, he was born at Tongres (Limburg), Belgium, and his education was entrusted to Cunibert, who converted the youth to Christianity. In consequence his heathen father killed Cunibert, and Helier fled from home. He settled on the island of Jersey, and lived there as a hermit for 15 years with a man named Romard. Helier was murdered by sea rovers he was endeavoring to convert, and subsequently venerated as a martyr (Attwater, Benedictines).


Blessed Irmengard of Chiemsee, OSB Abbess (AC)
Died 866; cultus confirmed in 1928. Irmengard was the daughter of King Louis the Germans and great granddaughter of Charlemagne. Her father appointed her abbess of Buchau and later of Chiemsee monasteries (Benedictines). In art, Blessed Irmengard is a crowned Benedictine abbess with a flaming heart and bell on her pastoral staff. She is venerated in Ettal (Roeder).


Blessed Mary & Mary-Magdalen de Justamond, OSB Cist. MM (AC)
Died 1794; beatified in 1925. Mary Saint-Henri (neé Marguerite-Eléonore de Justamond) and Mary-Magdalen du Saint-Sacrement (Magdalen-Françoise de Justamond) were sisters by blood and in the Cistercian convent of Sainte-Catherine at Avignon. They were guillotined at Orange during the French Revolution (Benedictines).


Blessed Milo of Selincourt, O. Praem. (PC)
Died 1159. Milo, a disciple of Saint Norbert, became abbot of Donmartin in 1123 and bishop of Thérouanne in 1131. He was one of the ablest opponents of Gilbert de la Porrée (Benedictines).


Reineldis VM (RM)
(also known as Raineld(is), Reinaldes, Reneldis)

Died c. 680. Daughter of Saint Amalberga and sister of SS. Gudula and Emebert, Saint Reineldis was a nun of Saintes near Hal in Hainault. She was killed, together with two clerics, by the raiding Huns at Saintes (Attwater, Benedictines). In art, Huns drag Reineldis by her hair. She may also be portrayed as a nun being killed by the Huns together with two priests (Roeder).


Sinach MacDara (AC)
6th century. The only reference I can find to Sinach is that the fisherman traditionally gathered on the island of MacDara for an annual Mass. It is still customary to dip sails or make the Sign of Cross when passing the island (Montague).


Sisenandus of Cordova M (RM)
Born at Badajoz, Estremadura, Portugal; died at Cordova, Spain, 851. Sisenandus was a man of the cross. He made the sign of the cross on himself and on everything--on the face of the morning, on his bread, on the road that he travelled. At every step, at every turn, the cross was before him: the cross that can be seen planted in the earth or elevated above the altar, and the cross that cannot be seen, the cross that is secret and hidden.

From his youth he was filled with faith, and from his faith he learned hope, and from his contemplation of the cross he learned charity. Led by the cross he went to Cordova to study Latin, theology, canon law, liturgy, and all that was needed to become a priest. He was ordained a deacon at Cordova.

He lodged in the church of Saint Acisclus, martyred under Diocletian, and it was to Saint Acisclus that he prayed for help, as if he already knew what his own fate was to be. He prayed to the saint fervently, constantly, appealing to him on the fellowship of the cross, not yet knowing just what it was that drew him on. Nevertheless, he answered the call, acknowledging the smallness of his understanding in the embrace of divine logic; and gradually, as he prayed, his resolution grew, his hesitation lessened and he prepared--not without fear--to answer the call of Peter, Wallabonsus, Sabinian, Wistremundus, Habentius, and Jeremias, all of them martyred by the Moors.

They were claiming him as one of them, and Sisenandus put himself into the hands of Jesus Christ. The Moors under Abderrahman II had just unleashed a new epidemic of persecutions against the Christians, but Sisenandus had put himself in the hands of Jesus Christ, so how could he be other than joyful?

He was imprisoned, but prison did not deprive him of his freedom for with the cross as his key no doors were locked to him. He lived without thought for the morrow and prayed for the conversion of his guards. He wrote to one of his friends, but had to break off the letter and end it with a cross, for he knew before they arrived that his guards were coming to take him to his death.

God had seen his strength and courage and found him worthy enough to know that his death was coming and to go out and meet it. When the guards came and dragged him out of the prison with insults and blows, he made the sign of the cross as if he were entering a church. And when he was taken in front of the large crowd to be bound and beheaded, he crossed himself for the last time (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Tenenan (Tininor) of Léon B (AC)
Born in Britain; died c. 635. Tenenan was a priest who became a hermit in Brittany and later bishop of Léon. He probably died at Ploabennec, where he had built a forest hermitage and where his relics were long venerated (Benedictines, Farmer).


Valentine of Trèves BM (RM)
Died c. 305. Bishop of Trier, Germany, (or Tongres, Belgium) martyred under Diocletian (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Vitalian of Capua B (RM)
Date unknown. Bishop of Capua in southern Italy (Benedictines).


Vitalian of Osimo B (AC)
Died 776. Bishop of Osimo, Italy (Benedictines).



About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on www.saintpatrickdc.org with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.