St. Patrick Catholic Church
Saint of the Day
 

July 18



Blessed Alanus of Sassovivo, OSB Hermit (AC)
Died 1313. Alanus, an Austrian monk, travelled to Rome in the Holy Year 1300. He joined the Italian community of Sassovivo, until he became a hermit in 1311 (Benedictines).


Arnulf (Arnoul, Arnold) of Metz B (RM)
Died 640. Arnulf was a courtier of the Austrasian King Theodebert II, a valiant warrior, and a valued adviser. He married the noble Doda (the marriage of his son Ansegisel to Begga, daughter of Blessed Pepin of Landen, produced the Carolingian line of kings of France).

Arnulf desired to become a monk at Lérins. However, when his wife took the veil and Arnulf was at the point of entering Lérins, he was appointed bishop of Metz about 610. He played a prominent role in affairs of state, was one of those instrumental in making Clotaire of Neustria king of Austrasia, and was chief counselor to Dagobert, son of King Clotaire, when the king appointed him king of Austrasia.

About 626, Arnulf resigned his see and retired to a hermitage near the abbey of Remiremont (Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopedia).

In art, Saint Arnulf is portrayed as a bishop with a coat of mail under his cope. He may also be shown (1) with a fish having a ring in its mouth; (2) blessing a burning castle; or (3) washing the feet of the poor (Roeder). He is venerated at Remiremont. Like Saint Antony, Arnulf is invoked to find lost articles. He is also the patron saint of music, millers, and brewers (Roeder).


Blessed Bertha of Marbais, OSB Cist. Widow (PC)
Died 1247. Blessed Martha was closely related to the count of Flanders and married the chatelain of Molembais. When her husband died, she became a Cistercian at Ayvrières Abbey. Her family founded a convent at Marquette and appointed her its abbess. She has a liturgical cultus in the diocese of Namur (Benedictines).


Bruno of Segni, OSB B (RM)
Born at Solero (Asti), Piedmont, Italy, in 1123; died 1123; canonized in 1183. Saint Bruno, born into a noble family, studied at the monastery of Saint Perpetuus in Asti, and at Bologna. He became a canon of Siena in 1079.

He first became known as the opponent of Berengarius, when he defended the Church teaching on the Blessed Sacrament at a council in Rome. In 1079 (or 1080), Gregory VII made him bishop of Segni. An outstanding Scripture scholar, Bruno opposed simony and lay investiture, worked with Saint Gregory to reform the Church, and incurred the enmity of Count Ainulf, a follower of Emperor Henry IV, who imprisoned him for three months.

In 1095, he left his see to became a monk, and then in 1107 abbot, of Monte Cassino. The pope, however, although allowing him to become a monk, had not definitely accepted his resignation of the see. He was forced to withdraw his resignation because of the objections of the people of Segni, though he remained at Monte Cassino. Eventually Pope Paschal II ordered Bruno to return to his episcopal seat after Bruno had rebuked the pontiff for concessions in ecclesiastical matters he made to Emperor-Elect Henry V.

Among other offices held by the saint were those of librarian of the Holy Roman See and cardinal legate. He was a profound theologian, and his work on the Holy Eucharist is still very useful (Benedictines, Delaney).


Blessed Dominic Nicholas Dat M (AC)
Born in Tonkin (Vietnam); died 1838; beatified in 1900. Dominic was a soldier who was strangled during the persecution of Christians (Benedictines).


Edburga and Edith of Aylesbury, OSB VV (AC)
(also known as Edburga and Edith of Bicester)

Died c. 650. The sisters Edburga and Edith were Anglo-Saxon princesses, supposedly of King Penda of Mercia, who became nuns at Aylesbury (Benedictines).


Emilian of Bulgaria M (RM)
Died 362. Saint Emilian was martyred at Silistria, Bulgaria, under Julian the Apostate (Benedictines).


Frederick (Fridrich) of Utrecht BM (RM)
Died 838. Grandson of King Radbon of the Frisians, Saint Frederick became a priest at Utrecht and soon was known for his holiness and learning. He was in charge of missionary work at Utrecht when he was elected bishop about 820-825. Frederick labored to put the see in order, combatted the evil custom of incestuous marriages, sent missionaries to the pagan areas in the northern reaches of his diocese, and incurred the enmity of Empress Judith, when he reproached her immorality. He was stabbed to death at Maestricht, Flanders, by assassins. One story says they were hired by the empress; another, more likely, that they were from Walcheren, whose inhabitants deeply resented his evangelization efforts (Benedictines, Delaney). In art, Saint Frederick is depicted as a bishop pierced by two swords or, at times, stabbed by two assassins (Roeder).


Goneri of Brittany (AC)
6th century. Saint Goneri was exiled from Britain to Brittany, where he was a hermit near Tréguier (Benedictines).


Gundenis of Carthage VM (RM)
Died 203. Gundenis was martyred under Septimius Severus at Carthage (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Herveus (Hervé) of Anjou, Hermit (AC)
Born in Britain; died 1130. Saint Hervé led the life of an anchorite on the island of Chalonnes in Anjou (Benedictines).


Marina (Pelagia) of Orense VM (RM)
Date unknown. Although all records have been lost, the Roman Martyrology reports that Saint Marina was martyred at Orense in Spanish Galicia. Her name was added to the second revision of the martyrology by Baronius (Benedictines). In art, Saint Marina is pictured with a child in a cradle by her as she kneels in prayer. She may also be shown (1) in a monk's habit, carrying the child; (2) nursing the child in the hermitage; (3) drawing a woodcart to the abbey; or (4) kneeling by an open tomb with a dove descending upon her (Roeder). She is especially venerated in Galicia (Roeder).


Maternus of Milan B (RM)
Died c. 307. Saint Maternus became bishop of Milan by popular acclamation in 295. He had much to suffer during the persecution of Diocletian, but survived it and died in peace (Benedictines).


Minnborinus of Cologne, OSB Abbot (AC)
Died 986. Saint Minborinus led a group of Irish missionaries to Cologne, Germany, where the archbishop installed them in Saint Martin's Abbey with Minborinus as abbot, where he governed from 974 to 986. Because the monastery was declared an Irish Abbey, many churches in the area were dedicated to Irish saints, including five churches and seven chapels under the patronage of Saint Brigid (Benedictines, Montague).


Pambo of the Nitrian Desert, Abbot (AC)
Died c. 390. In his youth, he was a disciples of Saint Antony. Pambo, one of the founders of the Nitrian Desert monasteries in Egypt, was known for his austerities, mortifications, and wisdom. In his old age, he was consulted by many, including Saint Athanasius, Saint Rufinus, and Saint Melania the Elder, who was with him when he died (Benedictines, Delaney).


Philastrius of Brescia B (RM)
Born in Spain; died c. 387. Saint Philastrius was appointed bishop of Brescia, Italy, during the time of the Arian controversy. He wrote a book against the Arians, which is still extant. Saint Gaudentius, his successor, praises him for his "modesty, quietness, and gentleness towards all men." He was chiefly famed, however, for his charity to the poor and his opposition to Arianism (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Blessed Robert of Salentino, OSB Cel. Abbot (AC)
Born in 1272; died 1341. Robert was a disciple of Saint Peter Celestine at Murrone, before he was elected pope. He founded 14 Celestine monasteries (Benedictines). In art, Blessed Robert is portrayed holding a flaming heart pierced by two nails, looking at a cross in the sky. He is often pictured with Saint Peter Celestine (Roeder).


Rufilius (Rufillus) of Forlimpopoli B (RM)
Died 382. Rufilius is reputed to have been the first bishop of Forlimpopoli (Forum Pompilii) in Emilia, Italy (Benedictines).


Symphorosa and Companions MM (RM)
Died at Tivoli, Italy, c. 135. Saint Symphorosa was the widow of the martyr Saint Getulius. She is described in the Roman Martyrology as the mother of seven other martyrs named Crescens, Julian, Nemesius, Primitivus, Justin, Stacteus, and Eugene. However, her acta are an unreliable adaptation of the story of the mother of the Maccabees. The seven named appear not to be brothers (Benedictines).


Theneva of Glasgow, Widow (AC)
(also known as Dwynwen, Thaney, Thenaw, Thenog, Thenova)

7th century. Saint Theneva was a British princess. When it was discovered that she had conceived out of wedlock, she was thrown from a cliff. Unharmed at the bottom, she was then set adrift in a boat on the Firth of Forth. It was expected that she would die at sea, but apparently God had other plans for the young woman. She landed at Culross, where she was sheltered by Saint Serf and gave birth to Saint Kentigern, named Mongo ("darling") by his foster-father, Serf. She gave her name to Saint Enoch's Square and Railway Station in Glasgow, Scotland, where she is co- patron together with her son (Benedictines, Delaney).



About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on www.saintpatrickdc.org with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.