St. Patrick Catholic Church
Saint of the Day
 

September 2

Agricolus (Agricola) of Avignon B (AC)
Born in Avignon, c. 630; died 700. Agricolus, son of Bishop Saint Magnus of Avignon, was professed a monk at Lérins at the age of 16. When he was 32, his father made him his coadjutor, and at his father's death in 660, Agricolus succeeded as bishop. The church he built in Avignon was served by his former fellows of Lérins. He also founded a Benedictine convent. Several miracles are recorded in 15th century documents: His blessing ended an infestation of storks, and he produced rain and fine weather by his prayers. He has been the patron of Avignon since 1647 (Benedictines, Encyclopedia). In art, Saint Agricolus's emblem is a stork. He is the patron of Avignon, France, and is invoked against plague and misfortune, and for rain or fine weather (Roeder).


Antoninus of Pamia M (RM)
4th century. Saint Antoninus was a young mason who cut the idols to pieces in an excess of apostolic fervor, for which the villagers, who believed in the idols, punished him with death in a church that he had built. The Roman Martyrology records that this occurred in a place called Pamia, which could be Apamea in Syria or Pamiers, France. Both places have traditions of a martyr named Antoninus (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Brocard of Mount Carmel, OC (AC)
Died 1231. Saint Brocard succeeded Saint Berthold of Solignac as prior of the Frankish hermits of Mount Carmel in Palestine. At his request the Latin patriarch of Jerusalem, Saint Albert, drew up a rule for the hermits about 1207 that was developed in the West into the Order of Mount Carmel. The is the origin of the Carmelite friars. We know that Saint Brocard was highly respected by the Islamics, but little else about his life (Attwater, Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Castor of Apt B (AC)
Born in Nîmes, France; died c. 420. Saint Castor and his wife lived in Marseilles until they separated by mutual consent and each entered the monastery. Shortly after Castor founded Manauque monastery, he was consecrated bishop of Apt. Saint John Cassian wrote the De institutis coenobiorum at the request of his bishop Castor (Benedictines).


Diomedes, Julian and Companions MM (RM)
Date unknown. Diomedes, Julian, Philip, Eutychian, Hesychius, Leonides, Philadelphus, Menalippus, and Pantagapes suffered various forms of execution--burning at the stake, drowning, beheading, or crucifixion--at an unnamed site under unknown circumstances (Benedictines).


Elpidius of Lyons B (RM)
Died 422. Saint Elpidius succeeded Saint Antiochus as bishop of Lyons. His relics were enshrined at the church of Saint Justus (Benedictines).


Elpidius the Cappadocian, Abbot (RM)
4th century. For 25 years Saint Elpidius lived in a cave in Cappadocia. Numerous disciples gathered around him. After his death, his relics were taken to a village in the Marches of Ancona, which is now called Sant'Elpidio. In art, his emblem is a vine in leaf in winter (Benedictines).


Hieu of Tadcaster V (AC)
Born in Northumbria, England; died c. 657. Saint Hieu received the veil from Saint Aidan, who appointed her abbess of Tadcaster abbey in Yorkshire. Some believe that Saint Hieu is identical to Saint Bega (Benedictines).


Justus of Lyons B (RM)
Died 390; second feast is on October 14. Saint Justus was a deacon of Vienne, who was consecrated bishop of Lyons by 350. In 381, he attended the council of Aquileia. Instead of returning to his see, he travelled to Egypt, where he lived out his remaining years as a hermit, ignoring remonstrations that he should return to his flock (Benedictines).


Lolanus of Scotland (AC)
Died c. 1034. The exact dates and history of Saint Lolanus are shrouded by time. He was a Scottish bishop, who legend makes a native of Galilee. This unreliable tale reports that he left his homeland to preach the Gospel in Scotland during the 5th century (Benedictines).


Blessed Margaret of Louvain V (AC)
(also known as Marguerite la Fière)

Born in Louvain, Brabant, Belgium, in 1207; died 1225 (1235?); cultus approved in 1905. Margaret was a servant in an inn in Louvain. She saw robbers kill her employers; they in turn pursued her to the banks of the Deel and murdered the 18-year-old. Her contemporary, Caesarius the Cistercian monk of Heisterbach states that she was about to enter the Cistercian convent when she was slain. They buried her body on the river bank where she was slain. After miracles were wrought at her intercession, her body was translated to a chapel built to house them in Saint Peter's churchyard in the same city. Later the wooden structure was replaced by a stone one and adjoined to the church by breaking through a wall (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


Blessed Martyrs of September (AC)
Died in Paris, France, September 2 and 3, 1792; beatified in 1926. This group of beati consists of 191 individuals who were martyred during the French Revolution, including 120 who were massacred at the Carmelite church (Les Carmes) on the rue de Rennes, Paris. They are imprisoned by the Legislative Assembly for refusing to subscribe to the constitutional oath that had been condemned by the Holy See. They were massacred by a mob with the connivance of the assembly. Among them were these prominent figures:

Augustine Ambrose Chevreux, OSB, the last superior general of the French Benedictines of Saint Maur, was imprisoned at Les Carmes in Paris and killed in the general massacre; beatified in 1931.

Charles de la Calmette, count of Valfons.

Francis de la Rochefoucauld, bishop of Beauvais.

John Mary du Lau, archbishop of Arles, was also imprisoned in Les Carmes and murdered by the mob.

Louis Barreau de la Touche, OSB, nephew of Augustine of Chevreux and monk of Saint Maur.

Louis de la Rochefoucauld, bishop of Saintes and brother of Blessed Francis (Benedictines).


Maxima of Rome M (RM)
Died 304. Saint Maxima, a Roman slave, was condemned to death with Saint Ansanus. He outlasted her, however. Maxima died as she was being scourged during the persecution of Diocletian (Benedictines).


Nonnosus of Mount Soracte, OSB (RM)
Died c. 575. One source (less reliable) calls Saint Nonnosus the prioress of a monastery near Rome. The other reports that he was a Benedictine monk of Mount Soracte near Rome, and that he deeds of faith are recorded by Saint Gregory the Great (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Valentine of Strasbourg B (AC)
4th century. The fourth bishop of Strasbourg, Alsace, France (Benedictines).


William of Roskilde B (AC)
Died 1067. An Anglo-Saxon priest named William became court chaplain to King Canute of England (1016-1035) and Denmark. Journeying to Denmark with the king, he was shocked by the ignorance, idolatry, and superstition he found. He decided that the missionary needs of that land were enormous, and stayed there for the rest of his life. Eventually William was named bishop of Roskilde, Zeeland, upon the recommendation of Canute.

To live on terms of great friendship with the royal family was no easy task for a bishop who wished also to witness to the demands of the Christian Gospel, for Canute's successor, King Sweyn Estridsen, in spite of many good qualities, was a headstrong, willful man who several times greatly offended against Christian virtue.

William managed to rebuke the king--once risking his own life in doing so--and to remain in the end the king's good friend. Sweyn Estridsen stoned to death a number of men who, whether guilty or not, should have been granted first a fair trial. To add to his sin, Sweyn had done this in a church, violating its sanctuary. Saint William decreed that a person who had shed blood unjustly could receive no sacrament of the church until he had done public penance.

King Sweyn came to the saint's cathedral with armed men. William stood at the door, armed only with his crozier, and refused the king entry. The armed men drew their swords, at which the saint offered them his neck, ready to sacrifice himself for the Christian faith. Sweyn asked forgiveness, offering property to the church as a token of his great shame.

In his private life the king infringed the moral laws of the church by marrying his own stepdaughter. Repeatedly William remonstrated. He sought and received the public support of the archbishop of Hamburg. But only after both pope and Holy Roman Emperor had also censured the king did Sweyn put aside his unlawful wife.

Yet the two men clearly loved each other, in spite of differences. Sweyn died first (1070). As his body was being carried to Roskilde cathedral from its first buried site in Ringsted Abbey, the saint, clearly heart-broken, met the cortege and himself fell dead. The bodies of both men were then buried together in Roskilde cathedral (Benedictines, Bentley, Farmer).



About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on www.saintpatrickdc.org with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.