Arator of Verdun B (AC)
Died c. 460. Saint Arator was the fourth bishop of Verdun (Benedictines).
Augustine, Sanctian, and Beata MM (AC)
Died 273. This trio of saints fled from their home in Spain during a persecution to Gaul, where they were martyred at Sens and where they are still venerated (Benedictines).
Bega (Bee) V (AC)
7th century; she is probably identical with the Saint Bega celebrated on October 31.
According to legend, Saint Bega was an Irish princess, whom a Norwegian prince sought in marriage. She, however, had already pledged herself and her virginity to Jesus and been given a bracelet by an angel marked with a cross as a token of her heavenly betrothal. On the eve of her wedding, as her father and her groom were celebrating in the hall, she escaped with the help of the bracelet. Seated on a clod of earth, she was taken across the sea to the coast of Cumberland.
There she lived as an anchoress, who was fed by the wild birds and, if left in peace, would have continued in this fashion. After being attacked by marauders, King Saint Oswald of Northumbria advised her to enter a convent. She therefore received the veil from Saint Aidan and established a monastery at Saint Bees (Copeland near Carlisle) which later became a cell of the Benedictine abbey of Saint Mary at York.
While the details may be legend, Saint Bega was venerated in Northumbria. The promontory on which she lived is named Saint Bee's Head, and she is the patroness of the local people who were injured by the exactions of their lords and the invasions of the neighboring Scots. In her hermitage at Saint Bees (Cumbria) was kept what is presumed to be her miraculous bracelet, which has the Old English name beag that so closely resembled her that it may have given rise to her cultus. The people treasured equally the stories of how Saint Bega in her earthly life had been devoted to the poor and oppressed and had cooked, washed and mended for the workmen who built her monastery. There is also a place in Scotland called Kilbees, named after this saint (Benedictines, Farmer, Delaney, Husenbeth, Walsh).
Blessed Bertrand of Garrigue, OP (AC)
Born at Garrigue, diocese of Nîmes, France, c. 1195; died near there in 1230; cultus confirmed by Leo XIII. Bertrand was a secular priest under the Cistercians, missioner, and ardent opponent of Albigensianism when he first met Saint Dominic in the party of Bishop Diego. Bertrand may have been the one to recruit Dominic in the battle against the French heretics because they worked closely together in this mission for the rest of their lives.
Bertrand joined the first Dominican friars by receiving the habit at Toulouse in 1216. Dominic left him in charge of the community when he travelled to Rome to seek papal approval of the order. Bertrand's zeal and experience played an important role in the founding of the Friar Preachers. When the brothers were sent out in little groups on missions, Bertrand was left in Paris with Matthew of France, where he helped to form the Dominican tradition of learning and governed the first foundation at Paris.
While Bertrand's advice and prayers helped to establish the order, he is best remembered as the closest friend and travelling companion of Saint Dominic, until he was appointed as provincial of Provence. He witnessed the miracles and heavenly favors bestowed upon his friend and provided us with insightful testimony about the heart and mind of the founder.
Bertrand himself was credited with many miracles, both during his life and after his death. Others considered him a "second Dominic" in austerity and holiness, but he humbly overlooked his own claims to sanctity in his loving insistence on those of his friend.
Bertrand was preaching a mission to the Cistercian sisters of Saint Mary of the Woods near Garrigue, when he fell sick and died. He was buried in the sisters' cemetery until the frequency of miracles suggested that he should be given a more suitable shrine. His relics were lost and shrine destroyed during the religious wars, but pilgrimages were still made to "Saint Bertrand's Cemetery" until the time of the French Revolution (Benedictines, Dorcy).
Chainoaldus B of Laon (AC)
(also known as Cagnoald, Cagnou)
Died 633. Saint Columbanus's monastery at Luxeuil was such a source of holiness that by the mid-seventh century it was the most important one in France. It produced a stream of saints who led the clergy and people to new height of spiritual awareness. Two of these men were brothers, Saints Faro and Cagnoald, sons of King Dagobert's chancellor. Faro became bishop of Meaux, while Cagnoald was bishop of Laon (their sister, Saint Burgundofara (April 3) founded the convent of Faremoûtiers).
When Columbanus angered King Theodoric II by criticizing his immoral life, he was banished from his realms in 610. Saint Cagnoald left his see, followed Columbanus, and worked with him as a missionary near Lake Constance. When Theodoric gained control of that area, too, they were again banished.
Yet the saints remained charitable, even to such a determined enemy. King Theodebert II of Neustria had given them refuge during the time of their missionary activities around Lake Constance. Columbanus's anxieties caused him once to dream that he saw Theodebert and Theodoric fighting. He awoke and told Cagnoald his dream. "Let us pray, then, that Theodebert may defeat our enemy Theodoric," said Cagnoald. Columbanus responded, "Certainly not. In no way would such a prayer please God. He has ordered us to pray for our enemies."
So the two men travelled on to Italy, where Saint Columbanus founded the famous Bobbio monastery. Cagnoald had not personally been banned from France, but followed his friend out of love. He returned to France after the death of Columbanus and resumed his bishopric (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley).
Cottidus, Eugene and Companions MM (RM)
Date unknown. Saint Cottidus, a deacon, and some companions were martyred in Cappadocia, however little is known about them because their acta have been lost (Benedictines).
Donatian, Laetus, and Companions BM (RM)
5th century. Donatian, Praesidius, Mansuetus, Germanus, Fusculus and Laetus were among the more prominent Catholics driven from North Africa by the Arian King Huneric of the Vandals. Victor of Utica gives an account of them in his history of the persecution. It is said that 5,000 Catholics were exiled in a single year (Benedictines).
Eleutherius of Spoleto, OSB Abbot (RM)
Died in Rome, Italy, c. 585-590. The Dialogues of Saint Gregory the Great tell us of the wonderful simplicity of this holy man, who was abbot of Saint Mark's near Spoleto and well-known as one favored by God with the gift of miracles. When Eleutherius proudly rebuked the devil, after delivering a child from possession and educating him at Saint Mark's: "Since the child, is among the servants of God, the devil dares not approach him," the devil again tormented the boy. Eleutherius confessed his vanity and ordered the whole community to fast and pray until the child was again freed.
Later Saint Eleutherius resigned his abbacy and migrated to Saint Andrew's abbey founded by Saint Gregory in Rome, where he lived for many years as a simple monk. One Easter Eve Saint Gregory was unable to fast due to illness. He engaged Eleutherius to go with him to the church of Saint Andrew's and offer prayers to God for his health, that he might join the faithful in that solemn practice of penance. Eleutherius prayed with many tears, and the pope coming out of the church, found his himself so strengthened that he was able to fast as he desired. Saint Eleutherius raised a dead man to life. He died in Saint Andrew's monastery in Rome, but his body was translated to Spoleto (Benedictines, Husenbeth).
"Patron of the town of Dreux, she was martyred" (Encyclopedia).
Faustus, Macarius and Companions MM (RM)
Died 250. Twelve martyrs beheaded at Alexandria, Egypt, under Decius (Benedictines).
Faustus of Syracuse, Abbot (AC)
Died c. 607. As abbot of Santa Lucia monastery in Syracuse, Saint Faustus taught the future Bishop Saint Zosimus (Benedictines).
Felix and Augebert MM (AC)
7th century. Saints Felix and Augebert were Englishmen sold into slavery in France and ransomed by Saint Gregory the Great. They were among the many redeemed by the pope to be trained to become missionaries in their homeland. The holy father's plan began to take shape when Felix was ordained to the priesthood and Augebert to the diaconate. Unfortunately, they were martyred by pagans at Champagne, France, before they could fulfill his dream (Benedictines).
Liberatus of Loro, OFM (AC)
Born at San Liberato, Piceno, Italy; died 1258; cultus forbidden in 1730, restored in 1731, and again approved in 1868. Saint Liberatus was born into the Brumforti family. He joined the Franciscans and later introduced the initial austerity of the Friars Minor with the help of Blesseds Humilis and Pacificus. It is difficult to know why his cultus was suppressed (Benedictines).
Maccallin of Lusk B (AC)
(also known as Maccallan, Macculin, Macoulmdus)
Died c. 497. The Irish Calendar commemorates Saint Maccallin, bishop of Lusk, who is also venerated in Scotland which he once visited (Benedictines, Husenbeth).
Magnus of Füssen, Abbot (AC)
(also known as Magne, Magnoaldus, Maginold, Mang)
Died c. 666. Saint Magnus was a fellow missionary with Saints Columbanus and Gall. He founded and became the abbot of a transalpine cloister at Füssen, in Bavaria, which served pilgrims (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
Onesiphorus and Porphyrius MM (RM)
Died c. 80. Saint Onesiphorus, meaning "useful," is mentioned in Saint Paul's second letter to Timothy: "May the Lord grant mercy to the household of Onesiphorus, for he often refreshed me; he was not ashamed of my chains but when he arrived in Rome, he searched for me eagerly and from me--may the Lord grant him to find mercy for the Lord on that Day--and you well know all the service he rendered to me at Ephesus" (2 Timothy 1:16-18) A second verse says: "Greet Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus" (2 Tim. 4:19). Tradition adds that Onesiphorus followed Saint Paul to Spain and back to the East, where he was martyred during the reign of Domitian somewhere on the Hellespont by being tied between wild horses and torn apart. Porphyrius, a member of the household of Onesiphorus, shared in the work and martyrdom of his master (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
Blessed Peregrinus of Falerone, OFM (AC)
Born at Falerone near Fermo, Italy; died c. 1232-1240; feast day formerly March 27. Saint Peregrinus was a friend of Saint Rizzier. Together they met Saint Francis of Assisi and became his disciples. After a pilgrimage to Palestine, Peregrinus lived as a lay-brother at San Severino (Benedictines, Encyclopedia (March)).
Petronius of Verona B (RM)
Died c. 450. Bishop of Verona (Benedictines).
Blessed Thomas Tzughi, SJ M (AC)
Died at Nagasaki, Japan, 1627; beatified in 1867. Father Tzughi, a native of Japan, was educated by the Jesuits at Arima and entered the Society of Jesus in 1589. He was noted for the excellence of his preaching. During one of the persecutions, Tzughi was exiled to Macao, but later returned in disguise to continue his ministry. He separated himself from his Jesuit brothers--but only for a single day. Thereafter he repented and again engaged in the work of evangelization with renewed zeal. He was burned alive for his faith (Benedictines).
Zachary (Zechariah), Prophet (RM)
6th century B.C. Zechariah and Haggai (Aggaeus) were both Old Testament prophets during the reign of King Darius (c. 520 BC). Zechariah exhorted the people to rebuild the Temple of Jerusalem (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on www.saintpatrickdc.org with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.