St. Patrick Catholic Church
Saint of the Day
 

September 7

Alcmund (Ealhmund) of Hexham, OSB B (AC)
Died September 7, 781. Alcmund was consecrated the seventh bishop of Hexham in 767, and was succeeded by Saint Tilberht in 781. Their sanctity is celebrated by Simeon of Durham, Roger of Hoveden, the Annals of Peterborough, and many martyrologies. Although Alcmund was buried beside Saint Acca outside the church; the site of his grave was lost during the Danish invasions. In 1032, following a alleged revelation, they were found and reburied within the church. In 1154, the relics of all the saints of Hexham were translated to a single shrine, as was recorded by a canon regular of Hexham, an eye-witness, but they were scattered by the Scots in 1296 (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth, Raine).


Anastasius the Fuller M (RM)
Died 304. Saint Anastasius was a fuller in Aquileia, Italy, near Venice. He moved his business to Salona in Dalmatia professed his faith openly by painting a cross on his door. For this demonstration of faith he was seized and drowned. It is now believed that he is identical to the Saint Anastasius celebrated on August 21 (Benedictines).


Augustalis (Autal) of Gaul B (RM)
Died c. 450. A Gallic bishop, probably at Arles (Benedictines).


Carissima of Albi V (AC)
Born at Albi, France; 5th century. Saint Carissima, "most beloved," turned her back on courtship and retired into a nearby forest. Later she entered the convent at Viants (Vieuxex, Vious). She is liturgically commemorated at Albi (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Cloud (Clodoald, Clodulphus) of Nogent, Abbot (RM)
Died c. 560. Saint Cloud was the grandson of King Clovis and Saint Clotilde. Upon the king's death in 511, his realm was divided between his four sons. His second son, Clodomir of Orléans, was killed 13 years later (524) in a battle against his cousin, King Gondomar of Burgundy (who had already murdered Saint Sigismund), leaving three sons to share his dominions, the youngest of which was Clodoald or Cloud.

The fatherless boys were thereafter raised in Paris by their grandmother, Saint Clotilde, who lavished them with care and affection, while their kingdom was administered by their uncle Childebert of Paris. When Cloud was eight, Childebert plotted with his brother Clotaire of Soissons, to seize their land by eliminating the boys. Through an agent they gave their mother, Clotilde, the choice of killing her grandsons or forcibly closing them up in a monastery. Childebert's familiar so twisted Clotilde's reply that it was made to appear that she had chosen death.

Clotaire seized and stabbed the eldest, 10-year-old Theobald. In fear the second child, Gunthaire, fled to his uncle Childebert, whose heart was so softened by fear and sickened at the brutal murder of his nephew Theobald that he tried to protect him. But Clotaire disapproved of such faintheartedness. He dragged Gunthaire from Childebert's arms and killed him, too. With his two brothers were murdered, Cloud escaped to safety and lived in hiding in Provence. The uncles suffered the same fate that they imposed on their nephews. It is said that Cloud cut off his hair with his own hands to indicate his renunciation of the world.

When Cloud came of age, he decided that he already knew enough about the world of the court and politics. Although he had opportunities to regain his kingdom, he resigned all claim to the Frankish throne by voluntarily being tonsured as a monk. He then hid himself in a hermit's cell, where he gained masterly over his passions through austerity and prayer.

Later he placed himself under the discipline of Saint Severinus, a hermit living near Paris. With the guidance of this experienced master the fervent novice made great progress in Christian perfection; but he was troubled at being so close to Paris and the center of power, where he was known. So he withdrew to Provence, where he passed several years, and wrought many miracles. Seeing he gained nothing by the remoteness of his cell from Paris because so many came to him for healing and counsel, he returned to Paris, where he was received with joy. At the earnest request of the people he was ordained priest by Bishop Eusebius of Paris, in 551, and served that church for some time.

Afterwards, he became the abbot-founder of Nogent-sur-Seine near Versailles, which is now a collegiate church of canons regular called Saint Cloud. Until his death at age 36, Saint Cloud was generous in distributing his wealth to churches and the poor, and indefatigable in teaching the people in the area around Nogent. His relics can still be found at Saint-Cloud's (Attwater, Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth, Walsh).

In art, Saint Cloud is portrayed as a Benedictine abbot giving his hood to a poor man as a ray of light emanates from his head. He may also be shown with royal insignia at his feet or instructing the poor (Roeder). He is invoked against carbuncles (Roeder).


Eupsychius of Caesarea (RM)
Died c. 130. Saint Eupsychius suffered martyrdom under Hadrian at Caesarea in Cappadocia (Benedictines).


Eustace of Flay, OSB Cist. Abbot (PC)
Born in Beauvais, France; died 1211. Saint Eustace was a priest of the diocese of Beauvais in Picardy. He later entered the Cistercian abbey of Flay (later Saint-Germer) and later became its abbot. He also served as the apostolic legate of Pope Innocent III to England and represented the holy father against the Albigensians. He is highly honored among the Cistercians even though he cultus has never been formally confirmed (Benedictines).


Evortius of Orléans B (RM)
(also known as Enurchus, Evertius, Evurtius)

Died c. 340(?). Nothing is known about Saint Evortius with certainty. It appears that he was a Roman cleric, perhaps a subdeacon, during the reign of Constantine the Great, who miraculously was chosen to become bishop of Orléans, France. He may possibly be the Eortius who participated in the council of Valencia in 374. The abbey of Saint-Euvert (Evortius) at Orléans was founded to enshrine his relics, which have been translated three times. In 1604, his name was added to the Anglican Book of Common Prayer from the York Breviary to honor the birthday of Queen Elizabeth I (Attwater, Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).


Faciolus of Poitiers, OSB (AC)
Died c. 950. A Benedictine monk of Saint Cyprian Abbey, Poitiers, France (Benedictines).


Gratus of Aosta B (AC)
Died c. 470. Saint Gratus, former bishop of Aosta, is now its patron saint (Benedictines). In art, Saint Gratus is depicted as a bishop carrying the head of Saint John the Baptist and a bunch of grapes. There may be lightning flashing near him (Roeder). He is the protector of vineyards and is invoked against dangerous animals, fire, insects, hail, lightning, rain, and storm (Roeder).


Grimonia (Germana) of Picardy VM (AC)
4th century (or 560?). Although born of an illustrious Irish family, Saint Grimonia, consecrated herself to God and migrated to Laon, Picardy. On the spot where she was martyred in defense of her chastity, a chapel was built for her relics. The miracles that occurred there led to pilgrimages and the growth of the town called Capelle. In the wars in the fifteenth century her relics were translated to the abbey of regular canons of Hennin Lictard, between Douay and Lens where she is honored together with Saint Proba her fellow martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


Hilduard (Hilward, Garibald) of Dickelvenne, OSB B (AC)
Died c. 750. Saint Hilduard was a missionary bishop of Flanders, who founded Saint Peter's abbey at Dickelvenne, between Ghent and Audenarde, in the Schelde (Benedictines).


John of Lodi, OSB B (AC)
Born at Lodi Vecchio, Lombardy, Italy; died at Gubbio, Italy, 1106. Saint John was a hermit before he entered Fontavellana Abbey, where he professed the Benedictine Rule under Saint Peter Damian, whose vita he wrote. In 1072, he was chosen to be prior. The year before his own death, John was consecrated bishop of Gubbio (Benedictines).


John of Nicomedia M (RM)
Died 303. Saint John, a Christian of rank, provoked the authorities in Nicomedia by tearing to pieces the edict of persecution against the Christians when it was first published (Benedictines).


Blessed John Duckett and Ralph Corby (Corbington), SJ MM (AC)
Died 1644; beatified in 1929. Fathers Duckett and Corby were martyred at Tyburn outside London, England because they were Catholic priests. John Duckett was born in Underwinder, near Sedbergh, Yorkshire, and educated for the priesthood at Douai. After his ordination in 1639, he ministered to the Catholics at Durham.

Ralph Corbington was born in Maynooth (near Dublin), Ireland. His entire family, including his father, mother, sisters, and brothers, all took religious vows. He received his initial education at Saint-Omer, then studied theology at Seville and Valladolid, Spain. In 1631, he was admitted to the Jesuits at Flanders, ordained, and sent to the English Mission at Durham, where he served Catholics for 12 years before his martyrdom. There is a rumor that the Jesuits unsuccessfully tried to negotiate his release in return for the release of a Scottish colonel being held prisoner in Germany. An attempt was also made to claim that the law could not apply to Father Ralph because he was not a citizen of England.

Despite precautions taken to destroy the bodies of the martyrs, the hand of John Duckett and pieces of both their clothing were recovered by the faithful; however, no one knows the current location of these first and second degree relics (Benedictines, Montague).


Blessed John Maki M (AC)
Died at Nagasaki, Japan, 1627; beatified in 1867. John Maki was burned alive with his adoptive father, Blessed Louis Maki.


Blessed Louis Maki M (AC)
Died at Nagasaki, Japan, in 1627; beatified in 1867. Louis Maki was a Japanese layman, who was burned alive for allowing Blessed Thomas Tzughi to say Mass in his home (Benedictines).


Madalberta of Maubeuge, OSB V (AC)
Died 706; feast day formerly on February 6. Saint Madalberta is a member of a very holy family. Her parents were Saints Vincent Madelgarus and Waldetrudis (Waudru), who also produced Saints Aldetrudis, Landericus, and Dentlin. Madalberta and her sister were educated by their aunt, Saint Aldegund, who founded the convent at Mauberge. When Aldegund died in 684, Madalberta's elder sister succeeded the founder as abbess, but Madalberta's turn came upon the death of Aldetrudis about 696. Her relics were translated from Maubeuge to Liège by Saint Hubert about 722. In art, Saint Madelberta is shown in prayer being tempted by the devil (Roeder).


Memorius (Nemorius, Mesmin) and Companions MM (RM)
Died 451. Saint Memorius was a deacon of Troyes, under Bishop Saint Lupus, who sent him and five companions to the camp of Attila the Hun to beg mercy. The barbarian had them all beheaded. Although the story is unreliable, the relics of the five martyrs are still highly venerated (Benedictines).


Pamphilus of Capua B (RM)
Born in Greece; died c. 400. Pope Saint Siricius consecrated Saint Pamphilus bishop of Capua; however, his relics are enshrined at Benevento (Benedictines).


Regina (Regnia, Reine) of Autun VM (RM)
Born in Alise (Alesia), Burgundy, France; died c. 251 or 286. Regina has been venerated at Autun from an early date and was probably martyred under the persecution of Decius or Maximian Herecleus; however, we have no particulars of her life, so her clients developed a suitable one for her.

Thus, it is related that Regina's father, Clement, was a prominent pagan citizen; her mother died in giving her life. The baby was entrusted to the care of a Christian nurse who had her baptized, which, to put it mildly, didn't please her father. He repudiated his daughter, refusing to ever see her again. The nurse was poor, so she sent Regina to tend her little flock of sheep. The young saint found this to be a pleasing occupation because it provided her with the time and solitude to pray and read the lives of the saints.

Too soon the little girl grew to womanhood and attracted the attention of the prefect of the province, Olybrius, who decided that she would be his bride. Regina, having dedicated her life to God, rejected his advances. Her father was willing to accept her as his daughter when he knew that she had a distinguished suitor, but she rejected his entreaties as well. As Olybrius was setting out on a journey, he had Regina imprisoned--the chief jailer was her own father, who carefully guarded his daughter in order to ensure his own advancement. He encased her in an iron belt joined by two chains to opposite walls.

When Olybrius returned, he again tried to sway Regina to become his wife. Again she rejected him. In his anger he had her scourged over a wooden horse, her nails torn from their beds, and her skin rent by iron hooks. Regina recovered from her injuries immediately after being returned to her cell. That night in prison, she had a vision of the cross, and a voice told her that her release would be soon. The next day Olybrius began the process again, this time using torches on her side, crucifixion, and finally decapitation. Many witnesses are said to have been converted by the appearance of a dove hovering over her head.

The story is entirely a Burgundian adaptation of the legend of Saint Marina or Margaret of Antioch. Her relics are enshrined in Flavigni abbey, to which they were translated in 864, and where they have been rendered famous by miracles and pilgrimages. There is a miraculous spring with powers to heal ringworm, mange, scurvy, and other illnesses, with a hospital nearby dedicated to Saint Regina founded by Saint Vincent de Paul (Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth, White).

In art, Saint Regina is portrayed as a maiden bound to a cross with torches applied to her sides. She might also be shown (1) in prison with a dove appearing on a shining cross; (2) with a lamb or sheep near her (not to be confused with Saint Agnes); (3) scourged with rods (Roeder); or (4) in a boiling cauldron (White). She is venerated at Autun, France, and in southern Germany (Roeder).


Sozon of Cilicia M (RM)
Born in Cilicia; died c. 304. A young shepherd boy name Tarasius was baptized, despite the persecution that Christians were undergoing, and took the name Sozon. While he was sleeping in the field one day, he dreamed that Jesus told him to lay aside the weapons that he used to protect his sheep and--taking only his shepherd's crook--prepare himself to die for his faith. Sozon knew exactly what to do. He walked to the town of Pompeiopolis, where there was a pagan temple with a golden idol. He broke off one of the idol's golden hands with his crook and gave pieces of it to the poor of the town. He might have escaped punishment, except that some other Christians were arrested and unjustly accused of damaging the idol. Sozon could not allow them to suffer in his stead, so he confessed his crime.

With nails driven through the soles of his shoes, Sozon was forced to walk to the amphitheater. The magistrate wanted to release the courageous prisoner and asked him to play a tune on his pipe to the crowd. Sozon refused. He had, he said, once played to sheep. Now he would play only to God. He was then burned to death at the stake (Benedictines, Bentley).

Saint Sozon's emblem in art is a pair of shoes with spikes through them (Roeder).


Stephen of Châtillon, O.Cart. B (AC)
Born at Lyons; died 1208; cultus approved in 1907. Saint Stephen was born into the noble family of the Châtillons. He entered the Carthusians at the charterhouse of Portes, where he became prior in 1196. In 1203, he was consecrated bishop of Dié (Benedictines).


Tilbert (Gilbert, Tileberht) of Hexham, OSB B (AC)
Died 789. Saint Tilbert succeeded Saint Alcmund as bishop of Hexham (781-789). In the chronicles he is called saint and beloved father, but he had no known cultus and no details are known about his life (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).



About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on www.saintpatrickdc.org with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.