St. Patrick Catholic Church
Saint of the Day
 

October 26

Blessed Adalgott of Dissentis, OSB Abbot (AC)
Died 1031. Saint Adalgott, a monk of Einsiedeln, became abbot of Dissentis Monastery in Switzerland in 1012 (Benedictines).


Alanus and Aldrus (Alorus) BB (AC)
5th century. Both Saint Alanus and Saint Aldrus were bishops of Quimper in Brittany. No reliable particulars have come down to us about them, except that they enjoyed a popular and liturgical cult from early ages (Benedictines).


Albinus of Buraburg, OSB B (AC)
(also known as Albuin, Witta, Wittan of Buraburg or Fritzlar)

Died after 760. The Irish or Anglo-Saxon monk of Iona named Witta had his name latinized to Albinus (white) when setting out as a fellow-worker with Saint Boniface to convert Germany. In 741, Boniface consecrated Albinus bishop of Buraburg (Fritzlar) in Hesse, where he is still venerated. In Germany, he became known as Wittan (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick, Montague, O'Hanlon).


Aneurin (Gildas) and Gwinoc (AC)
6th century. Saint Aneurin and his son Gwinoc were Welsh monks. The latter has left some Celtic poems of a certain literary value (Benedictines).


Bean of Aberdeen B (AC)
Died after 1012. Saint Bean was the first bishop of Mortlach in Banff. In the 11th century the see became that of Aberdeen, Scotland (Benedictines, Farmer).


Blessed Bonaventure of Potenza, OFM (AC)
Born in Potenza, Napolitano; died 1711. Bonaventure became a Franciscan at Nocera and spent his life as a missioner in southern Italy, particularly in the area of Amalfi, and as a novice master. He died in an ecstasy singing psalms (Benedictines). (That's how I want to leave for home !)


Cedd, OSB B (AC)
Born in Northumbria, England; died October 26, 664; feast day formerly celebrated on January 7. Cedd was raised together with his brother Saint Chad. He became a monk at Lindisfarne and in 653 was sent with three other priests to evangelize the Middle Angles when their King Peada was baptized by Saint Finan of Lindisfarne in 653 at the court of his father-in-law, Oswy of Northumbria.

After working in that field for a time he was called to harvest a new one in East Anglia (Essex), when King Sigebert was converted and baptized by Finan. He and another priest travelled throughout the midlands to evaluate the situation. Then Cedd returned to Lindisfarne to confer with Finan, who consecrated him bishop of the East Saxons in 654. Cedd returned to Essex and spent the rest of his life with the Saxons--building churches, founding monasteries (at Bradwell-on-the-Sea (Ythancaestir, Othona), Tilbury, and Lastingham), and ordaining priests and deacons to continue the work of evangelization.

Lastingham, originally called Laestingaeu, was built in 658 on a tract of inaccessible land in Yorkshire donated by King Ethelwald of Deira. Here Cedd spent 40 days in prayer and fasting to consecrate the place to God according to the custom of Lindisfarne, derived from Saint Columba. All three of the monasteries he built were destroyed by the Danes and never restored.

He attended the Synod of Whitby in 664, where he accepted the Roman observances, and died of the plague at Lastingham, Yorkshire. At the news of his death, 30 of his brethren among the East Saxons came to Lastingham to consecrate their lives where their holy father in faith had ended his. But they, too, were all killed by the same plague, except one unbaptized boy, who lived to become a priest and zealous missionary (Delaney, Walsh).

Saint Cedd is depicted in art as a bishop with a chalice and an abbatial staff. Sometimes he is shown with his brother Saint Chad of Lichfield, other times with Saint Diuma, bishop of the Middle English. He is venerated at Charlbury, Oxon, England (Roeder).


Cuthbert of Canterbury, OSB B (PC)
Born in England; died 758. A monk of Lyminge, Kent, Saint Cuthbert later became bishop of Hereford (c. 736) and then archbishop of Canterbury (c. 740). He is best remembered as one of the English correspondents of Saint Boniface (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Blessed Damian dei Fulcheri, OP (AC)
(also known as Damian of Finario)

Born in Finario (Finale or Finarium near Genoa), Liguria, Italy; died near Modena at Reggio d'Emilia, Italy, in 1484; cultus approved in 1848. Damian was born of rich and noble parents at the end of the 14th century. The only thing we know of his childhood was that as a baby he was kidnapped by a madman. His parents prayed to the Blessed Virgin, and Damian was returned unharmed.

He took the Dominican habit at Savona, where he was a diligent student. Once ordained, Damian became famous for his preaching, which he did in nearly all the cities of Italy. Hundreds of sinners repented and returned to God by the force of his preaching. Almost immediately upon his death he became the object of pious veneration because of the miracles worked at his tomb (Benedictines, Dorcy).


Blessed Dominic Doan (Xuyen), OP M (AC)
Born in Tonkin; died 1839; beatified in 1900. Dominic, member of the Dominican order, was beheaded with Blessed Thomas Du (Benedictines).


Eadfrid of Leominster, OSB (AC)
Died c. 675. Eadfrid preached in Mercia as a Northumbrian monk- priest. He also founded, and was the first superior of, Leominster Priory (Benedictines).


Eata of Hexham, OSB B (RM)
Died c. 686. It is impossible to write about Eata, the 7th century English saint, without going back to Saint Aidan, and from Saint Aidan to Saint Paulinus of York, and from Saint Paulinus to Saint Augustine (Austin) of Canterbury, and from Saint Augustine to Saint Gregory the Great who began this chain reaction. Nor should we forget the Venerable Bede without whose Ecclesiastical History we would never have heard of Saint Eata, nor Saint Cuthbert, who was Eata's close friend.

In the 7th century, England was divided into the Heptarchy, seven independent kingdoms in none of which was Christianity firmly established. At the request of Saint Oswald, king of Northumbria, Saint Aidan had gone from Iona to Lindisfarne--the Holy Island--and from there had begun to evangelize the northern parts of England. Aidan himself and many of his monks came originally from Ireland and therefore followed the Celtic usages which differed in many ways from those of Rome.

Pope Saint Gregory's plan was to send a properly organized group to England, rather than rely on the isolated efforts of the northern missionaries. The man he chose was the prior of a monastery that he had founded in Rome, Saint Augustine of Canterbury. In 596, he landed in Kent with a group of 40 monks.

They had to start from nothing, but fortunately they quickly enlisted the support of Bertha, the wife of King Saint Ethelbert--just as Saint Paulinus won the support of Saint Ethelburga, sister of Eadbald, and Saint Remigius won that of Saint Clotilde, wife of Clovis. Augustine received the 'pallium' and became the first archbishop of England, establishing his see at Canterbury.

At the time of Augustine's death, which took place shortly after that of Gregory the Great, relations between the Roman and Celtic churches were still strained. Apart from their differences over usage and organization, the situation was complicated by the resentment felt by some of the Celts towards the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes who only a relatively short while before had driven them out of their own country and persecuted their religion. So it was left to a number of saints, among them Eata, to effect a union between the Celtic and Roman Christians, their personal saintliness persuading the ones to abate their racial pride and the others to make concessions.

The first saint who went to Northumbria was a Roman one, Saint Paulinus, who had been sent by Gregory the Great to assist Saint Augustine of Canterbury. The next one was the Celtic Saint Aidan, who had established his monastery at Lindisfarne and who also founded a monastery at Ripon. It was at Ripon that Eata, who had been born an Anglo-Saxon and was one of the 12 English boys brought to Northumbria by Saint Aidan, was educated in the Celtic observance. When Saint Wilfrid arrived at Ripon, Eata left it to become abbot at Melrose, which was attached to Lindisfarne.

As a result of the Synod of Whitby, which was held in 664, the Roman usage was extended throughout England. Eata accepted the Roman liturgical observances.

Saint Colman, who had succeeded Saint Aidan as abbot of Lindisfarne refused to accept the decision and withdrew from his position. Reportedly he requested that Saint Eata take his place. At the same time Saint Cuthbert became prior, and they both fully accepted the Roman usage and liturgy.

In 678 Theodore, who had been consecrated in Rome as the new archbishop of Canterbury by Pope Saint Vitalian, met Eata in York and at once consecrated him as bishop of Bernicia. It was a wise choice, for Eata quickly showed himself to be worthy of his office. He and Saint Cuthbert were often together, travelling from Melrose to Ripon and to Lindisfarne. Later Eata and Cuthbert exchanged sees, and Eata became bishop of Hexham, where he remained until his death.

Eata seems to have been a kind and gentle man, more so even than Cuthbert, and vastly more so than Colman or that other saint, Wilfrid, who quarreled so violently with Theodore. He died in 686 and was buried in the Benedictine Abbey of Hexham. There is a legend that when, in 1113, plans were made to disinter his body and take it to York, he appeared in a dream to the archbishop of York and told him to leave his mortal remains in peace (Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopedia).


Evaristus, Pope M (RM)
Born in Bethlehem, Palestine; died c. 105-107. Evaristus was born like his Savior in Bethlehem. A Hellenic Jew, he was converted to Christianity and eventually reached Rome. There he accepted the dangerous office of pope, after the death of the fourth pope, Saint Clement, between the years 96- 100.

Evaristus contributed to the growing organization of the Church. He is credited with the establishment of cardinal priests. He divided Rome into seven parishes, then appointed seven deacons to serve the city, just as the early apostles did to serve the poor of Jerusalem.

Evaristus conferred holy orders three times in December, when ordinations traditionally took place for moral and mystical reasons (according to Amalarius). Others say that ordinations took place during Advent because the bishops had more free time give proper attention to this important function, and because holy orders were always conferred during the seasons of fasting and prayer.

There is no direct evidence that Evaristus died a martyr's death, though most martyrologies list him as such. It is not unbelievable, however, because virtually any prominent Christian in the early centuries of the Church was likely to be brutally put to death because of his beliefs (Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth).


Fulk of Pavia B (RM)
Born at Piacenza, Italy, 1164; died 1229. Fulk's parents were Scottish. He was appointed to a canonry in Piacenza. Then, after his studies in Paris, he became archpriest and bishop of Piacenza. Six years later he was transferred by Honorius III to the see of Pavia, which he occupied for 13 years (Benedictines).


Gaudiosus of Salerno B (RM)
7th century. The relics of Bishop Gaudiosus of Salerno, Italy, are venerated at Naples (Benedictines).


Gibitrudis of Faremoûtiers, OSB V (AC)
Died c. 655. A nun at Faremoûtiers under Saint Fara (Benedictines).


Humbert of Fritzlar, OSB (AC)
7th or 8th century. The monk Saint Humbert of Fritzlar in Hesse, Germany, became prior of Buraburg, Hesse (Benedictines).


Lucian, Marcian, Florius & Comp. MM (RM)
Died c. 250. A group of martyrs who suffered at Nicomedia under Decius. Their acta were fancifully embellished at a later date. These relate that Lucian and Marcian were practitioners of the black arts, who were converted to Christianity when their magic had no effect on a Christian virgin and they saw evil spirits banished by the Sign of the Cross. After burning their books, they were baptized, distributed their wealth to the poor, and practiced mortification to subdue their untamed passions. After thus fortifying themselves in solitude, they began to evangelize in spite of the edicts published by Decius against Christians in Bithynia. They were arrested and brought before the proconsul, Sabinus. After questioning they were racked and tortured, during which they argued their incomprehension that they went unpunished while they committed many crimes with magic, but now that they were good citizens, they are tortured. En route to the place they were to be burned to death, they sang hymns of praise and thanksgiving to God (Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth).


Quadragesimus of Policastro (RM)
Died c. 590. According to the testimony of Saint Gregory the Great, Saint Quadragesimus, a shepherd and subdeacon at Policastro, raised a dead man to life (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Rogatian and Felicissimus MM (RM)
Died 256. The Carthaginian priest Rogatian and Felicissimus, a layman, are mentioned by Saint Cyprian as having "witnessed a good confession for Christ." These words are usually taken as referring to their martyrdom (Benedictines).


Rusticus of Narbonne B (RM)
Born in Marseilles, France; died c. 462. Rusticus, a monk of Lérins, became bishop of Narbonne. He was present at the council of Ephesus in 431 (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Sigibald of Metz B (AC)
Died c. 740. As bishop of Metz from 716 to about 740, Sigibald promoted learning, built schools and abbeys (notably Neuweiter and Saint-Avold), and ably administered his see (Benedictines).



About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on www.saintpatrickdc.org with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.