St. Patrick Catholic Church
Saint of the Day
 

Feast of Apostles
Saints Simon & Jude
October 28

Abraham of Ephesus B (AC)
6th century. Abraham built the monastery of the Abrahamites by the Golden Gate at Constantinople as well as the Byzantine monastery near Jerusalem. Eventually he became archbishop of Ephesus and was known as a writer on ecclesiastical subjects (Benedictines).


Alberic of Stavelot, OSB Abbot (PC)
Died 779. Abbot Alberic of Stavelot-Malmédy is remembered with four other abbots of the same monastery in the province of Liége, Belgium (Benedictines).


Anastasia and Cyril MM (RM)
Died c. 253. All that we know concerning these two saints is given in the Roman Martyrology: "At Rome, the passion of SS Anastasia the Elder, the Virgin, and Cyril, Martyrs. The former was bound with chains in Valerian's persecution under the Prefect Probus, tortured . . . her breasts cut off, her nails torn out, her teeth broken, her hands and feet cut off, and being beheaded . . . she passed to her Spouse; Cyril, who offered her water when she begged thereof, received martyrdom for his reward." Unfortunately, the passio is fictitious; it is doubtful that Anastasia and Cyril ever existed (Benedictines).


Anglinus of Stavelot, OSB Abbot (AC)
Died c. 768. Anglinus was the 10th abbot of Stavelot- Malmédy (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Cyrilla of Rome VM (RM)
Died c. 270. Saint Cyrilla, the daughter of Saint Tryphonia, shared in the charitable works of her saintly Roman mother. She was martyred under the Emperor Claudius II (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Demetrius of Rostov B
(also known as Dmitry Tutalo)

Born near Kiev, 1651; died 1709; canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church, 1757. Demetrius, the son of a wealthy Cossack, became a priest-monk. He headed two monasteries before being appointed bishop of Rostov on the Don in 1702. As an outspoken preacher, Demetrius upheld the church's independence of state control. As a scholar, he devoted much of his life to writing. He wrote biographies of the saints based on Western critical models, religious drama in verse, memoirs, and a number of devotional and instructional works. His works include the Spiritual Alphabet, insisting on the clergy's duties towards their flocks. Demetrius himself preached at least a short homily whenever he celebrated the Eucharist, and was deeply beloved by his people. As a writer his warmth of style and approach makes him a noteworthy figure in Russian religious literature. He noted in his published Diary concerning monks who insisted on trying to write verse: "God gives these versifiers printing presses, money, enthusiasm, and leisure; but their output is of little use to the world" (Attwater).


Dorbhene of Iona, Abbot (AC)
Died 713. Abbot Dorbhene of Iona was descended from a brother of Saint Columba. A copy of Saint Adamnan's life of the latter, written by Saint Dorbhene, is still in existence (Benedictines).


Eadsin of Canterbury B (AC)
Died 1050. Archbishop Eadsin of Canterbury crowned King Edward the Confessor on the restoration of the Anglo-Saxon line in England. He resigned his see some years before his death (Benedictines).


Faro of Meaux B (RM)
Died c. 675. Faro was the son of a Burgundian nobleman, and for some years filled the office of chancellor to King Dagobert I. When approaching middle age his sister Saint Burgundofara persuaded him to give up his office. He became a monk (either at Luxeuil or at Rablais), received holy orders, and by the year 637 he was bishop of Meaux. Faro's episcopate was a long one but little is known of it, or indeed of his life in general; Bede says that he gave hospitality to Saint Adrian of Canterbury when he was on his way from Rome to England. As bishop, he was a great fosterer of monasticism.

Saint Faro's brother and sister are also venerated as saints. The brother, Saint Cagnoald (Cagnoaldus) (died c. 635), was a monk under Saint Columban at Luxeuil, and became bishop of Laon.

The sister, Saint Burgundofara or Fare, took the veil after strong family opposition; the convent that she founded c. 627 and presided over for many years was afterwards well known, under the name of Faremoutiers. A reference made to Fare by Bede led long afterwards to the mistaken idea that she died in England (Attwater, Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Ferrutius of Mainz M (RM)
Date unknown. Saint Ferrutius, a Roman soldier stationed at Mainz, Germany, was thrown into prison when he requested his discharge from the army rather than take part in idolatrous worship. There he died of ill-treatment and hunger (Benedictines).


Fidelis of Como M (RM)
Died c. 304. Fidelis was a soldier martyred in Lombardy under Maximian Herculius. His body was translated by Saint Charles Borromeo to Milan, but some of his relics are venerated at Como, Italy (Benedictines).


Godwin of Stavelot, OSB Abbot (AC)
Died c. 690. Abbot of the great Belgian monastery of Stavelot- Malmédy (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Honoratus of Vercelli B (RM)
Born in Vercelli, Italy; died c. 410. Honoratus was trained in the monastic and the ecclesiastical life by Saint Eusebius. He accompanied his master into his exile at Scythopolis (355), and in his wanderings through Cappadocia, Egypt, and Illyricum. In 396, he was elected bishop on the recommendation of Saint Ambrose, to whom he administered holy viaticum (Benedictines).


Blessed Joachim Royo, OP M (AC)
Died 1848; beatified in 1893. Joachim Royo was a Spanish Dominican missionary, who was sent to China to work under Blessed Peter Sanz, and was ordained there. He was strangled in prison at Fu-tshen (Benedictines).


Blessed John Dat M (AC)
Born in West Tonkin, 1764; died 1798; beatified in 1900. John was ordained to the priesthood in 1798. After three months' captivity he was beheaded in the same year (Benedictines).


Remigius of Lyons B (PC)
Died 875. Remigius, royal arch-chaplain, was consecrated archbishop of Lyons in 852. Although Remigius opposed Gottschalk's doctrine on predestination, he also defended his person against his metropolitan, Hincmar of Rheims. Saint Remigius successfully separated the sin from the sinner (Benedictines).


Salvius of Normandy, Hermit (AC)
(also known as Saire)

6th century. Saint Salvius was a hermit at the place now called after him Saint-Saire in Normandy. He was renowned for the miracles wrought at his intercession during and after his life. Some writers identify him with Saint Salvius of Albi (Benedictines, Farmer).


Simon the Zealot (or Cananaean) and Jude Thaddeus, Apostles (RM)
(also known as Judas Lebbeus)

1st century; Simon's feast in the East is on July 1, the traditional day of their death; Jude has his own feast on June 19 in the East; today may represent the day of their translation to Saint Peter's in Rome in the 7th-8th century.

Of these two members of Jesus's first team, Simon is said (by Matthew 10:4 and Mark 3:18) to have been born in Cana, the site of Jesus' first public miracle, or even to have been the bridegroom recipient of the miracle. It was just a little miracle turning water into wine to prevent the embarrassment of newlyweds, but it was important because it was performed at the behest of His mother. Some say that this miracle was the cause of Simon's becoming a follower of Jesus.

Luke also tells us that Simon was a 'Zealot' (Luke 6:15 and Acts 1:13), which may imply that he was a member of a party of Jewish patriots who were later prepared to revolt against the Roman occupation of Israel, although it could refer to the fervor with which he pursued Jewish law before his calling by Jesus. Modern scholars say the Simon was more likely to have been a Galilean and that "the Cananaean" and "the Zealot" both mean "the zealous."

Saint Jude (Luke 6:16 and Acts 1:13) or Thaddeus (Matthew and Mark) or Lebbaeus (John 14:22; Matt. 10:3) is described in the New Testament as a relative (adelphos) of Jesus (Matthew 13:55 and Mark 6:3), and also the brother of James the Less (Epistle of Jude). He may also have been the author of the shortest book in the New Testament, the letter of Jude (though verse 17 of that letter half implies that the apostles of Jesus have already died).

The letter of Jude was written by a man passionately concerned both about the purity of the Christian faith and the good reputation of Christian people. The writer had, he tells us, planned to write a different letter, but hearing of the misleading views put out by some false teachers in the Christian community, he is urgently writing to warn the church not to heed them.

Western tradition, based on the apocryphal Passion of Simon and Jude, has it that after preaching in Egypt, Simon joined Jude, and they went on missions for time in Persia. From the 6th century legends describe the martyrdom of both Simon and Jude in Persia at Sufian (Siani), though the Eastern tradition say that Simon died peacefully at Edessa. As Saint Thaddaeus, Jude has been confused with Saint Addai in Mesopotamia. Simon and Jude are said to have been killed with either a saw or falchion (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Walsh, White).

In art, Saint Simon is portrayed as a middle-aged man with a saw and a book or a boat. Sometimes he holds and oar and at other times a fish (Roeder). Or, he is depicted being sawed in half (the tradition of the Golden Legend has it that he was killed in this way by pagan priests). Rheims and Toulouse, France, both claim notable relics of these saints (Encyclopedia, White).

Jude Thaddeus generally holds a club--the instrument of his death. (He is often confused with James Minor, who generally resembles Our Lord, while Jude does not.) Sometime Jude my be shown (1) holding an axe or halberd (often confused with Matthias); (2) holding a saw; (3) holding a book (which may have "Judas" written on it); (4) with a scroll, his epistle, with Carnis resurrectionem; (5) holding a carpenter's rule (which can confuse him with Thomas Didymus); or (6) holding a ship while Simon holds a fish (because they were fishermen). Generally he is represented as a young or middle-aged man. Saint Jude is invoked in desperate situations (Roeder).

When Simon and Jude are pictured together, one holds a saw and the other the falchion, but they are often confused. Fish, ships, and oars may be added to the images of either of the saints with the sole justification that they were assumed to be cousins of the sons of Zebedee, who were fishermen (Appleton).

Prayer to Saint Jude

Most holy apostle, Saint Jude, faithful servant and friend of Jesus, the Church honors and invokes you universally, as the patron of hopeless cases, of things almost despaired of. Pray for me, I am so helpless and alone. Make use I implore you, of that particular privilege given to you, to bring visible and speedy help where help is almost despaired of. Come to my assistance in this great need that I may receive the consolation and help of heaven in all my necessities, tribulations, and sufferings, particularly - (here make your request) and that I may praise God with you and all the elect forever. I promise, O blessed Saint Jude, to be mindful of this great favor, to always honor you as my special and powerful patron, and to gratefully encourage devotion to you. Amen.



About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on www.saintpatrickdc.org with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.