St. Patrick Catholic Church
Saint of the Day
 

Memorial of Saint Chrysogonus
(Regionally Celebrated)



Alexander of Corinth M (RM)
Died 361. A martyr of Corinth under Julian the Apostate (Benedictines).


Blessed Balsamus of Cava, OSB Abbot (AC)
Died 1232; cultus approved 1928. The tenth abbot of Cava (1208- 1232) is described by John of Capua, as "the gem of the priesthood and the crown of prelates" (Benedictines).


Bieuzy of Brittany M (AC)
7th century. While Bieuzy was a native of Britain, he is venerated in Brittany to which he followed Saint Gildas. We have no particulars of his life or martyrdom (Benedictines).


Blessed Martyrs of China and Cochin-China (AC)
Died 1823-1856; beatified in 1900.

Antony Quinh-Nam was born in 1768. He was a native catechist and physician of Cochin-China, who became attached to the Foreign Missions of Paris. He was imprisoned for the faith in 1838 and was strangled to death two years later.

Laurence Pe-Man was a laborer, who became a convert of Blessed Augustus Chapdelaine. He was beheaded in 1856 after being tortured at Su-Lik-Hien in the province of Kwang-Si.

Blessed Peter Dumoulin was born at Cors, diocese of Tulle, France, in 1808, and entered the seminary for Foreign Missions of Paris in 1829, being sent to Tonkin after his ordination in 1832. In 1836 he was arrested. While in prison he was appointed titular bishop and vicar apostolic of western Tonkin. Bishop Dumoulin was beheaded in 1838.

Blessed Peter Choa and Vincent Diem were Tonkinese priests. They were strangled at Dong-Hoi in 1838 (Benedictines).


Chrysogonus of Aquileia M (RM)
Died at Aquileia, Italy, c. 304. Chrysogonus, one of the saints named in the canon of the Mass, was an official at Rome who was converted to Christianity and in turn converted many others to the same faith. He is said to have been particularly close to Saint Anastasia of Sirmium and become her guide in the Christian faith, but nothing is really know about him.

The historically worthless passio of St. Anastasia says that the saint's success as a Christian missionary displeased the authorities who imprisoned him. After festering for many months in squalid conditions, Chrysogonus was beheaded during the persecutions of the Emperor Diocletian. His corpse was thrown into the sea, but rescued by a priest named Zoilus.

Pope Sylvester I built a church over his tomb in the first half of the 4th century. His tomb was excavated in the early 20th century, 20 feet below the present ground level of the church of San Crisogono in Rome, where Chrysogonus has been venerated at least from the end of the 5th century.

San Crisogono contains the head of Chrysogonus and one of his arms, now proudly preserved over the high altar. On the superbly gilded and decorated ceiling of the church, which was created in the 17th century, Giovanni Guencino painted 'The Triumph of Saint Chrysogonus' (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Encyclopedia)

St. Chrysogonus is depicted as a very young knight with a shield bearing IHS. At times his corpse is shown born up by fish (Roeder).


Colman of Cloyne B (AC)
(also known as Colman MacLenini)

Born in Munster, Ireland, 522-530; died c. 600; cultus approved 1903. Son of Lenin, he became a poet and later royal bard at Cashel. The job of bard entailed the roles not only poet and musician, but also chronicler and genealogist. It is said that he became a Christian after rescuing from a lake the stolen shrine of Saint Ailbhe.

And what does this have to do with conversion? Saint Brendan came to Cashel to resolve a dispute. While he was there the grave and relics of Saint Ailbhe were discovered. Colman took part in that finding. Saint Brendan said that hands that had been sanctified by touching such holy remains should not remain the hands of a pagan. So it happened that at age 50 Colman was baptized Colman by Saint Brendan.

Thereafter, he embraced the monastic life, was ordained, and preached in Limerick and Cork. In the Life of Saint Columba of Terryglass, Colman is said to have been Saint Columba's teacher and guardian. Late in life he founded the church of Cloyne and became its first bishop. Colman is the patron saint of Cloyne in eastern Cork (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Montague, Walsh).


Blessed Conrad of Frisach, OP (PC)
Died in Magdeburg, Germany, in 1239. A doctor at the university of Bologna whom Saint Dominic received into the order and sent to Germany. He died at Magdeburg while singing the Psalm, Cantate Domino canticum novum (Sing a new song unto the Lord) (Benedictines).


Crescentian of Rome M (RM)
Died 309. Crescentian suffered martyrdom under Maxentius at Rome in the company of Saints Cyriacus, Largus, Smaragdus, expiring on the rack in their presence (Benedictines).


Eanfleda of Whitby, OSB Widow (AC)
Died c. 700. Eanfleda, daughter of King Saint Edwin of Northumbria and his wife Saint Ethelburga of Kent, baptized as an infant by Saint Paulinus. She was a great benefactress of Saint Wilfrid. In her widowhood she became a nun at Whitby under her own daughter, Saint Elfleda (Benedictines).


Felicissimus of Perugia M (RM)
Died at Perugia, Italy, c. 303. Felicissimus was probably martyred under Diocletian (Benedictines). In art St. Felicissimus is represented as an elegantly dressed young man with a book and a palm. Venerated at Perugia (Roeder).


Firmina of Amelia VM (RM)
Died c. 303. The Roman maiden Firmina was tortured to death at Amelia (Ameria) in Umbria, Italy, under Diocletian (Benedictines).


Flora and Mary VM (RM)
Died 856. The story of Flora and Mary is told by Saint Eulogius of Cordova in his Exhortation to Martyrdom. Flora was the daughter of an Islamic father, born in Cordova, Spain, and secretly raised a Christian by her mother.

Flora was betrayed by her brother, scourged, and put into his custody that he might persuade her to apostatize. She escaped, but later while praying in St. Acislus Church she met Mary, sister of a deacon who had been martyred, and they both decided defiantly to give themselves up to the magistrate as Christians. The magistrate locked them up in a cell, threatening to sell them to a brothel if they did not defy Christ. St. Eulogius wrote to them, "They threaten you with a shameful slavery, but do not fear: no harm can touch your souls whatever infamy in inflicted on your bodies." When their ordeal failed to shake their constancy, they were beheaded by order of Abderrahman (Abd ar-Rahman) II (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopedia).

Flora and Mary are depicted as two maidens beheaded by Moors; flowers spring from Flora's severed head. Venerated at Cordova (Roeder).


Kenan of Damleag B (AC)
(also known as Cianan, Kea, Kay, Quay)

Died c. 500. Kenan was an Irish bishop, who with Saint Patrick, was a disciple of Saint Martin of Tours. He was the first bishop in Ireland to build his own cathedral (Damleag or Duleek in Meath) of stone. His writing was acknowledged by Saint Patrick to be better than his own (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).


Leopardinus of Vivaris, Abbot M (AC)
7th century. Monk and abbot of the monastery of St. Symphorian of Vivaris in the province of Berry, France. He perished at the hands of assassins and was forthwith venerated as a martyr (Benedictines).


Marinus of Maurienne, OSB M (AC)
Born in Italy; died 731. Marinus became a Benedictine at Maurienne in Savoy, and afterwards a hermit near the monastery of Chandor, where he was put to death by the Saracens (Benedictines).


Portianus of Miranda, Abbot (RM)
Died 533. Portianus was a slave who took refuge in Miranda Monastery in the Auvergne and later became a celebrated abbot. He fearlessly faced the Merovingian king, Thierry of Austrasia, and obtained from him the release of his Auvergnate prisoners (Benedictines, Encyclopedia). In art Portianus is shown breaking a cup of poison--a serpent issuing from it (easily confused with Saint Benedict; generally he is surrounded by prisoners (Roeder).


Protasius of Milan B (RM)
Died 352. Bishop Protasius governed Milan from 331 to 352. He espoused the cause of Saint Athanasius against the Arians, doing so with special effect at the synod of Sardica in 343 (Benedictines).


Romanus of Le Mans B (RM)
Died at Blaye, France, in 385. Romanus appears to be an average person. Yet just as the Church never leaves any of us completely alone, she never lets any of us completely useless. In the most unexpected times and places, across the ages, across vast distances, we will always encounter someone in her whose existence takes on mysterious meaning and power, whose life is suddenly filled with love.

Romanus was an introvert by nature and never aspired to leave his native Italy until his Uncle Julian called him across the Alps. Bishop Julian had been sent to Le Mans in Gaul by Pope Clement; and under the circumstances Romanus, who was destined for holy orders himself, could hardly refuse to go.

The success of the new missionary and his companions was reported to be breathtaking--miracles, cures, even resurrections from the dead. Yet Romanus was not a demonstrative or emotional man, so he rejoiced in silence. Rare indeed is the man who knows how to be happy and admiring and keep silent.

As soon as he had settled in, his uncle, who had already become known as the great Saint Julian, honored as first bishop of Le Mans, ordained him a priest; then he sent him off with his pilgrim's staff to preach the Gospel at the mouth of the Gironde. It wasn't that Romanus was very eloquent--he wasn't much of a talker and even less of an organizer--but he didn't need to be because what he was bringing was life.

And so clear was his message that those who heard it came to be baptized by him immediately. Calmly and quietly he put sin to death and then, with the waters of baptism brought them to life again. From time to time he cast out a small demon, effected a cure, cast out another demon . . . but reluctantly, almost shyly.

In general uncles die before their nephews. When Julian died in 117, Romanus returned to Le Mans, where all he wanted was to be allowed to stay near the tomb of the man he venerated as a father.

Saint Thuribe succeeded St. Julian as bishop and entrusted Romanus with the care of the tomb, which was in the basilica of the Holy Apostles. And Romanus stayed there faithfully. Thuribe died and was buried next to Julian. Romanus watched over them and led the people in worship of God.

A churchyard quickly developed, for it was the custom among early Christians to bury their dead near the bodies of saints. And so, near the graveyards, there sprang up little communities of clerics who looked after the burial of their Christian brothers. They formed a minor order called the "Grave-diggers."

Romanus was a "Grave-digger." He and his companions received the bodies of the Christians of Le Mans that were brought to be buried near their first bishops, Julian and Thuribe, thereby continuing the bond with the baptism of the bodies and souls. When he felt that his end was near, Romanus wanted to see Rome once again. Pavace, the former deacon who had now become bishop, allowed him to go on condition that he promised to return.

Romanus kept his promise. He returned just in time for his death, which he faced without fear.

At dawn on the 7th of November, probably in 385, with Pavace officiating and his brother Grave-diggers around him, Romanus was laid to rest in the basilica, next to Julian and Thuribe.

People continued to come to the basilica, but Romanus gradually faded from the memory of men. But not from the memory of the Church which, happily, forgets nothing (Benedictines, Encyclopedia). (This is probably not the most reliable story--but I liked it.)



About Saints of the Day
These summaries were prepared in 1998 by St. Patrick's parishioner Katherine I. Rabenstein and are reproduced on www.saintpatrickdc.org with the permission of the author. Note that the content has not been updated since that time and represents the research of the author. An alphabetical index of all saints on our site is available. Source references are also available. HTML formatting © 2007-2008 by St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington, D.C.